Patrick Norval Anderson

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BACKGROUND The National Birth Defects Prevention Network collects state-specific birth defects surveillance data for annual publication of prevalence estimates and collaborative research projects. In 2006, data for 21 birth defects from 1999 through 2001 were presented as national birth prevalence estimates. The purpose of this report was to update these(More)
The failure of some CNS neurons to up-regulate growth-associated genes following axotomy may contribute to their failure to regenerate axons. We have studied gene expression in rat corticospinal neurons following either proximal (intracortical) or distal (spinal) axotomy. Corticospinal neurons were retrogradely labelled with cholera toxin subunit B prior to(More)
We have investigated the hypothesis that the chemorepellent Semaphorin3A may be involved in the failure of axonal regeneration after injury to the ascending dorsal columns of adult rats. Following transection of the thoracic dorsal columns, fibroblasts in the dorsolateral parts of the lesion site showed robust expression of Semaphorin3A mRNA. In addition,(More)
At least three proteins present in CNS myelin, Nogo, MAG and OMgp are capable of causing growth cone collapse and inhibiting neurite outgrowth in vitro. Surprisingly, Nogo and OMgp are also strongly expressed by many neurons (including neocortical projection cells). Nogo expression is increased by some cells at the borders of CNS lesion sites and by cells(More)
Injury to the central processes of primary sensory neurons produces less profound changes in the expression of growth-related molecules and less vigorous axonal regeneration than does injury to their peripheral processes. The left L4, L5, and L6 dorsal roots of deeply anaesthetized adult Sprague-Dawley rats were severed and reanastomosed, and in some(More)
Abstract We have examined the expression of Eph receptors and their ephrin ligands in adult rat spinal cord before and after lesion. Neurons in adult motor cortex express EphA4 mRNA, but the protein is undetectable in uninjured corticospinal tract. In contrast, after dorsal column hemisection EphA4 protein accumulates in proximal axon stumps. One of the(More)
After traumatic CNS injury, a cascade of secondary events expands the initial lesion. The gap-junction protein connexin43 (Cx43), which is transiently up-regulated, has been implicated in the spread of 'bystander' damage. We have used an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide (asODN) to suppress Cx43 up-regulation in two rat models of spinal cord injury. Within 24(More)
The expression of mRNA for Nogo-66 receptor (NgR) in unoperated adult rats and mice, and rats with nerve grafts placed in the thalamus and cerebellum to stimulate axonal regeneration, was investigated by in situ hybridization. NgR was strongly expressed in neurons of the neocortex, hippocampal formation, and amygdaloid nuclei and dorsal thalamus and(More)
We have compared SCG10 and CAP-23 expression with that of GAP-43 during axonal regeneration in the peripheral and central nervous systems (PNS, CNS) of adult rats. SCG10, CAP-23, and GAP-43 mRNAs were strongly upregulated by motor and dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons following sciatic nerve crush, but not after dorsal rhizotomy. When the sciatic nerve was(More)
Retroviral and lentiviral vector integration into host-cell chromosomes carries with it a finite chance of causing insertional mutagenesis. This risk has been highlighted by the induction of malignancy in mouse models, and development of lymphoproliferative disease in three individuals with severe combined immunodeficiency-X1 (refs. 2,3). Therefore, a key(More)