Patrick Naughton

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Carbon monoxide, which is generated in mammals during the degradation of heme by the enzyme heme oxygenase, is an important signaling mediator. Transition metal carbonyls have been recently shown to function as carbon monoxide-releasing molecules (CO-RMs) and to elicit distinct pharmacological activities in biological systems. In the present study, we(More)
Bilirubin (BR) and biliverdin (BV), two metabolites produced during haem degradation by haem oxygenase, possess strong antioxidant activities toward peroxyl radical, hydroxyl radical and hydrogen peroxide. Considering the importance attributed to nitric oxide (NO) and its congeners in the control of physiological and pathophysiological processes, we(More)
Salmonellosis in the rat has many similarities with the disease in humans, with the ileum thought to be the main site of colonization/invasion in both species. Thus, the rat may be a useful way to study the mechanism of infection by these pathogenic bacteria. A series of infection trials carried out with Hooded Lister rats showed that a salmonella infection(More)
A 2 x 2 factorial experiment with pigs was undertaken to investigate the effect of particle size (fine and coarse) and feed processing (pelleted and nonpelleted) on morphological characteristics in the small intestine, cecum, and colon of pigs and on the adhesion of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT12 to the ileum in vitro. Ninety-six pigs (average(More)
A two-by-two factorial experiment with pigs was conducted to study the effect of feed grinding (fine and coarse) and feed processing (pelleted and nonpelleted) on physicochemical properties, microbial populations, and survival of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT12 in the gastrointestinal tracts of pigs. Results demonstrated a strong effect of diet(More)
In a series of experiments rats were dosed with purified type 1 fimbriae from Salmonella enterica var Enteritidis or with fimbriated cultures of either S. enterica var Typhimurium or S. enterica var Enteritidis. Paraffin-wax embedded histological sections of jejunal and ileal tissue were taken and stained by the streptavidin biotin complex (sABC) staining(More)
Interdigestive intestinal motility, and especially phase III of the migrating myoelectric/motor complex (MMC), is responsible for intestinal clearance and plays an important role in prevention of bacterial overgrowth and translocation in the gut. Yet previous results from gnotobiotic rats have shown that intestinal microflora can themselves affect the(More)
An in vitro intestinal tissue model was developed for the investigation of bacterial association in the pig small intestine under different dietary regimes. In preliminary experiments, jejunal and ileal tissue was taken from Danish Landrace pigs fed standard diet and inoculated with either Salmonella or nonpathogenic Escherichia coli strains. Higher numbers(More)
The induced anisotropy of Leighton Buzzard sand under generalised stress conditions was investigated using a new, automated hollow cylinder apparatus. Identical test specimens of sand were isotropically consolidated followed by anisotropic consolidation, involving different magnitudes of the three principal stresses and rotation of the major principal(More)
Nitric oxide and S-nitrosothiols modulate a variety of important physiological activities. In vascular cells, agents that release NO and donate nitrosonium cation (NO(+)), such as S-nitrosoglutathione, are potent inducers of the antioxidant protein heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) (Foresti, R., Clark, J. E., Green, C. J., and Motterlini, R. (1997) J. Biol. Chem.(More)