Patrick N McMahon

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Chronic infusion of morphine to guinea pigs produced selective changes in mu agonist binding properties in cerebrocortical membrane preparations. Employing the mu-selective opioid agonist [D-Ala2,MePhe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGO) in direct binding studies and in competition of labeled antagonist binding, we found that the major changes were a decrease in(More)
The development of selective tolerance, that is, a loss in the ability of an agonist to exert an effect without concomitant loss in the ability of an agonist which acts through another receptor type to similarly lose its effectiveness, has provided supporting evidence for the existence of multiple opioid receptor types in brain and peripheral tissues. In(More)
Opioid agonists with selectivity for mu, delta and kappa-receptors have each been shown to inhibit the K+-stimulated release of [3H]norepinephrine (NE) from slices of guinea pig cortex maintained in vitro. In order to provide further evidence that each of these types of opioid receptor can regulate the release of NE in this tissue, experiments with(More)
PURPOSE Conventional MRI using contrast agents is semiquantitative because it is inherently sensitive to extravoxular susceptibility artifacts, field inhomogeneity, partial voluming, perivascular effects, and motion/flow artifacts. Herein we demonstrate a quantitative contrast-enhanced MRI technique using ultrashort time-to-echo pulse sequences for(More)
Excitatory amino acids, that interact with the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor stimulate release of [3H]dopamine [3H]DA) from the striatum of the guinea pig and rat in a concentration-dependent manner. DA release was measured in the presence of domperidone and nomifensine to avoid complications associated with autoreceptor alteration of and reuptake of(More)
Pure psychoactive drugs and direct routes of administration are evolutionarily novel features of our environment. They are inherently pathogenic because they bypass adap-tive information processing systems and act directly on ancient brain mechanisms that control emotion and behavior. Drugs that induce positive emotions give a false signal of a fitness(More)
Opioid agonists selective for mu-, delta-, and kappa-receptors are all capable of regulating the stimulated release of noradrenaline from three terminal fields (cortex, hippocampus, and cerebellum) of the noradrenergic projections from locus coeruleus in the guinea pig brain. Intracerebroventricular injections of pertussis toxin abolished the ability of a(More)
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