Patrick N. Friel

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OBJECTIVE This study evaluated gender-specific ethanol dosing protocols that were designed to result in one of two peak breath alcohol concentrations (BrACs)--0.07 or 0.10 g/2101. Inter- and intrasubject variability in BrAC were assessed and several possible methods for reducing variability in BrAC were evaluated. METHOD Subjects (16 women, 16 men, ages(More)
The kinetics of phenobarbital (PB) were evaluated in six normal subjects and six epileptic patients treated with phenytoin or carbamazepine. Each normal subject received three single doses of PB: PB-sodium 130 mg i.v. (IV), PB sodium 130 mg i.m. (IM), and PB acid 100 mg orally (PO), in random order at least one month apart. After IV PB distributive(More)
Electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback, also known as neurofeedback, is a promising alternative treatment for patients with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD). EEG biofeedback therapy rewards scalp EEG frequencies that are associated with relaxed attention, and suppresses frequencies associated with under- or over-arousal. In large-scale(More)
We report methods for the analysis of sertraline and desmethylsertraline in postmortem biological fluids. The extraction method is based on a widely used procedure employing n-butyl chloride, and instrumental analysis is performed using GC/MS and HPLC with photodiode array detection. We report retention index, mass spectral, and UV-vis properties of the(More)
Ethanol disposition was evaluated in 77 female and 97 male college seniors during an alcohol challenge study. All were regular drinkers who exceeded legal intoxication levels at least twice a month by history. A standard ethanol dose (females, 0.43 g/kg; males, 0.51 g/kg) was administered over 10 min, after a 4-hr fast, and breath alcohol concentrations(More)
Bupropion is a "second generation" antidepressant agent structurally related to the phenethylamines. Postmortem toxicology data are presented from three suicidal drug overdoses in which bupropion was detected. In two cases in which bupropion was the major toxicology finding, peripheral blood levels of the parent drug were 4.0 and 4.2 mg/L and total(More)
BACKGROUND There is a lack of consensus about the safety of estrogen replacement therapy, especially with regard to its impact on a woman's risk for breast cancer. Elevated urinary or serum estrone and estradiol concentrations in postmenopausal women are associated with a moderately elevated risk of breast cancer. METHODS Twenty-four-hour urinary steroid(More)
This paper describes analytical methods using high-performance liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) for the isolation of the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ketorolac. The drug is isolated from postmortem blood using a batched solid-phase extraction method on Amberlite XAD-2 resin. Derivatization of ketorolac using(More)
This study evaluated the reliability of Widmark calculations, based on breath ethanol reading (BrACs), for estimating the amount of alcohol consumed. A standard ethanol dose (males 0.51 g/kg; females 0.43 g/kg) was given to 115 college seniors, and BrACs were measured for two hours. Calculations of ethanol dose were performed using BrACs taken at 60, 75,(More)
The impact of the synthetic glucocorticoid prednisone on adrenal steroid hormone production was examined using 24-hour urinary steroid hormone profiling. Five women, who were chronically taking low-dose prednisone, were tested, and the relevant literature was reviewed. As expected, adrenal glucocorticoid production, measured by urinary terminal cortisol and(More)