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Pulse wave velocity measurement is used as an index of arterial stiffness. The purpose was to evaluate the reproducibility of pulse wave velocity measurement at rest, during exercise and recovery from exercise, using an automated device. Twelve healthy young adults (mean age 22.0 +/- 3.1 yrs) underwent an upright submaximal cycle test on two separate(More)
Although cardiotoxic effects of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) are a growing concern, there is a lack of prospective studies of subclinical involvement of the heart in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. This study evaluated noninvasively cardiac morphologic characteristics and function in HIV-positive (HIV(+)) men receiving(More)
We present the case of a 67-year-old woman with cardiomyopathy induced by inappropriate sinus tachycardia (IST) and a particularly high average heart rate. The patient was resistant and/or intolerant to treatment with conventional rate-slowing medications. We used ivabradine--a specific sinus node I(f) current inhibitor--and successfully lowered the heart(More)
The role of transcranial Doppler ultrasonography (TCD) in individual risk assessment of embolic complications and the development of prevention strategies during coronary angiography remains to be determined. The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence, time of occurrence and potential significance of microembolic signals (MES) detected with TCD(More)
The aim of this study was to specify in patients with tight mitral stenosis whether lung diffusing capacity could play a role in their exercise intolerance. A similar study was recently carried out in patients with moderate chronic heart failure. Ten patients with tight mitral stenosis were studied before and 6 months after successful percutaneous(More)
OBJECTIVES The objective of this study was to determine whether a small-size valve prosthesis contributes to exercise intolerance, as assessed by VO2 measurement during an exhaustive cycle ergometer exercise. BACKGROUND The determinants of exercise capacity after mechanical aortic replacement are not well known. The selection of small valve sizes has,(More)
The aim of this study was to bring to light new and simple criteria, obtained during cardiopulmonary exercise testing, in order to demonstrate in patients the cardiac or the pulmonary origin of a comparable exertional dyspnea. Forty male subjects were compared, who exercised with a 30-W/3-min protocol and were divided into three groups: the cardiac heart(More)
In order to test the hypothesis of pulmonary diffusing capacity involvement in exercise limitation in subjects with chronic heart failure (CHF), lung transfer factor (TLCO), oxygen saturation (SaO2), cardiac output (CO) and gas exchange were studied over the course of an incremental exercise test in 10 patients and 10 controls. The TLCO and transfer(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the combined assessment of reflow and collateral blood flow by myocardial contrast echocardiography after myocardial infarction. DESIGN Myocardial contrast echocardiography was performed in patients with acute myocardial infarction shortly after successful coronary reperfusion (TIMI 3 patency) by direct angioplasty. Collateral flow(More)