Patrick Mergell

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This report is on direct observation and modal analysis of irregular spatio-temporal vibration patterns of vocal fold pathologies in vivo. The observed oscillation patterns are described quantitatively with multiline kymograms, spectral analysis, and spatio-temporal plots. The complex spatio-temporal vibration patterns are decomposed by empirical orthogonal(More)
Phonation onset is discussed in the framework of dynamical systems as a Hopf bifurcation, i.e., as a transition from damped to sustained vocal fold oscillations due to changes of parameters defining the underlying laryngeal configuration (e.g., adduction, subglottal pressure, muscular activity). An analytic envelope curve of the oscillation onset is deduced(More)
Direct observations of nonstationary asymmetric vocal-fold oscillations are reported. Complex time series of the left and the right vocal-fold vibrations are extracted from digital high-speed image sequences separately. The dynamics of the corresponding high-speed glottograms reveals transitions between low-dimensional attractors such as subharmonic and(More)
For the diagnosis of voice disorders, and especially for the classification of hoarseness, direct observation of vocal fold vibration is essential. Furthermore, a quantitative description of the movement of the vocal fold becomes increasingly necessary to document and compare findings as well as the progression of speech therapy. On the base of digital(More)
Digital multi-plane kymography is presented as a new method to demonstrate vocal fold vibration from digital high-speed recordings. Single lines from digital high-speed sequences of laryngoscopical examinations are concatenated to images, which are called kymograms. In order to reveal anterior-posterior (AP) modes of vibration several kymograms from(More)
Although the mammalian larynx exhibits little structural variation compared to sound-producing organs in other taxa (birds or insects), there are some morphological features which could lead to significant differences in acoustic functioning, such as air sacs and vocal membranes. The vocal membrane (or "vocal lip") is a thin upward extension of the vocal(More)
A semiautomatic motion analysis software is used to extract elongation-time diagrams (trajectories) of vocal fold vibrations from digital highspeed video sequences. By combining digital image processing with biomechanical modeling we extract characteristic parameters such as phonation onset time and pitch. A modi ed two-mass model of the vocal folds is(More)
Irregular vocal fold vibrations are assumed to be a major cause of hoarseness. A common clinical condition presenting with hoarseness is a unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (RLNP). In order to explain high-speed video recordings of clinical RLNP, RLNP-type vocal fold vibrations are simulated by extending the well known two-mass model (2MM) to(More)