Patrick Mergell

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Direct observations of nonstationary asymmetric vocal-fold oscillations are reported. Complex time series of the left and the right vocal-fold vibrations are extracted from digital high-speed image sequences separately. The dynamics of the corresponding high-speed glottograms reveals transitions between low-dimensional attractors such as subharmonic and(More)
This report is on direct observation and modal analysis of irregular spatio-temporal vibration patterns of vocal fold pathologies in vivo. The observed oscillation patterns are described quantitatively with multiline kymograms, spectral analysis, and spatio-temporal plots. The complex spatio-temporal vibration patterns are decomposed by empirical orthogonal(More)
For the diagnosis of voice disorders, and especially for the classification of hoarseness, direct observation of vocal fold vibration is essential. Furthermore, a quantitative description of the movement of the vocal fold becomes increasingly necessary to document and compare findings as well as the progression of speech therapy. On the base of digital(More)
Phonation onset is discussed in the framework of dynamical systems as a Hopf bifurcation, i.e., as a transition from damped to sustained vocal fold oscillations due to changes of parameters defining the underlying laryngeal configuration (e.g., adduction, subglottal pressure, muscular activity). An analytic envelope curve of the oscillation onset is deduced(More)
Although the mammalian larynx exhibits little structural variation compared to sound-producing organs in other taxa (birds or insects), there are some morphological features which could lead to significant differences in acoustic functioning, such as air sacs and vocal membranes. The vocal membrane (or "vocal lip") is a thin upward extension of the vocal(More)
Digital multi-plane kymography is presented as a new method to demonstrate vocal fold vibration from digital high-speed recordings. Single lines from digital high-speed sequences of laryngoscopical examinations are concatenated to images, which are called kymograms. In order to reveal anterior-posterior (AP) modes of vibration several kymograms from(More)
Irregular vocal fold vibrations are assumed to be a major cause of hoarseness. A common clinical condition presenting with hoarseness is a unilateral recurrent laryngeal nerve paralysis (RLNP). In order to explain high-speed video recordings of clinical RLNP, RLNP-type vocal fold vibrations are simulated by extending the well known two-mass model (2MM) to(More)
Dispersion relations allow for a coherent description of the nucleon electromagnetic form factors measured over a large range of momentum transfer, Q 2 ≃ 0. .. 35 GeV 2. Including constraints from unitarity and perturbative QCD, we present a novel parametrisation of the absorptive parts of the various isoscalar and isovector nucleon form factors. Using the(More)
A digital high-speed camera in combination with a light intensiier and a exible endoscope is used to record running human speech. Due to the light absorbtion of the exible endo-scope, the recorded image sequences are too dark for human examination and too poor for digital motion analysis. Therefore, two diierent image enhancement methods are compared to(More)