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The objective of this study was to examine the value of stress-echocardiography in patients with paradoxical low-flow, low-gradient (PLFLG) aortic stenosis (AS). The projected aortic valve area (AVAProj) at a normal flow rate was calculated in 55 patients with PLFLG AS. In the subset of patients (n = 13) who underwent an aortic valve replacement within 3(More)
Aims Abnormal exercise test defined as the occurrence of exercise limiting symptoms, fall in blood pressure below baseline, or complex ventricular arrhythmias is useful to predict clinical events in asymptomatic patients with aortic stenosis (AS). The purpose of this study was to determine whether exercise-stress echocardiography (ESE) adds any incremental(More)
BACKGROUND Mitral valve repair is considered the gold standard in surgery of degenerative mitral valve insufficiency (MVI), but the long-term results (>20 years) are unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS We reviewed the first 162 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valve repair between 1970 and 1984 for MVI due to nonrheumatic disease. The cause of MVI was(More)
AIMS The aim of this study was to explore the range of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) at rest and with exercise in healthy individuals of various ages, as most studies assumed PASP > 35 mmHg with exercise as the upper limits of normal. METHODS AND RESULTS Seventy healthy volunteers, with a good continuous wave Doppler tricuspid regurgitation(More)
The clinical features of tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy or transient left apical ballooning syndrome (LABS) have been clearly described, but the mechanisms are still unknown. Our objective was to prospectively assess coronary microcirculation at the acute phase of LABS and after functional recovery, using Doppler transthoracic echocardiography-coronary flow(More)
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) is a distinct clinical entity characterized by the presence of transient left ventricular wall dysfunction without significant culprit obstructive coronary artery disease. Invasive coronary angiography and ventriculography are the 'gold standard' for definitive diagnosis, with an integrated multi-modality imaging approach(More)
AIMS Typical tako-tsubo cardiomyopathy (TTC) mimics acute anterior myocardial infarction (AMI) and the differential diagnosis is challenging before coronary angiography (CA) is performed; it demonstrates reduced or absent antegrade flow in the left anterior descending artery (LAD) in AMI, whereas there is no such flow limiting in TTC. At the acute phase, we(More)
BACKGROUND The prediction of left ventricular (LV) recovery and adverse cardiac events after reperfused acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of noninvasive coronary flow reserve (CFR) to predict LV recovery and in-hospital adverse cardiac events after AMI by comparison with other available(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to compare coronary flow velocity reserve (CFVR) with adenosine and dobutamine in patients scheduled for noninvasive evaluation of coronary artery disease. BACKGROUND Assessment of CFVR in the distal part of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) by Doppler transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is usually performed with(More)