Patrick Markt

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Within the last few years a considerable amount of evaluative studies has been published that investigate the performance of 3D virtual screening approaches. Thereby, in particular assessments of protein-ligand docking are facing remarkable interest in the scientific community. However, comparing virtual screening approaches is a non-trivial task. Several(More)
Shape-based molecular similarity approaches have been established as important and popular virtual screening techniques. Recent applications have shown successful screening campaigns using different parameters and query selection. It is common sense that pure volume overlap scoring (or "shape-based screening") under-represents chemical or pharmacophoric(More)
Various inflammatory stimuli that activate the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway converge on a serine/threonine kinase that displays a key role in the activation of NF-κB: the I kappa B kinase β (IKK-β). Therefore, IKK-β is considered an interesting target for combating inflammation and cancer. In our study, we developed a ligand-based(More)
In continuation of our recent studies on the quality of conformational models generated with CATALYST and OMEGA we present a large-scale survey focusing on the impact of conformational model quality and several screening parameters on pharmacophore-based and shape-based virtual high throughput screening (vHTS). Therefore, we collected known active compounds(More)
In the current work, we measure the performance of seven ligand-based virtual screening tools--five similarity search methods and two pharmacophore elucidators--against the MUV data set. For the similarity search tools, single active molecules as well as active compound sets clustered in terms of their chemical diversity were used as templates. Their score(More)
Feature-based pharmacophore modeling is a well-established concept to support early stage drug discovery, where large virtual databases are filtered for potential drug candidates. The concept is implemented in popular molecular modeling software, including Catalyst, Phase, and MOE. With these software tools we performed a comparative virtual screening(More)
The cysteine protease cathepsin S (CatS) is involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune disorders, atherosclerosis, and obesity. Therefore, it represents a promising pharmacological target for drug development. We generated ligand-based and structure-based pharmacophore models for noncovalent and covalent CatS inhibitors to perform virtual high-throughput(More)
We describe the generation and validation of pharmacophore models for PPARs, as well as a large scale validation of the parallel screening approach by screening PPAR ligands against a large database of structure-based models. A large test set of 357 PPAR ligands was screened against 48 PPAR models to determine the best models for agonists of PPAR-alpha,(More)
17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 and 5 (17β-HSD3 and 17β-HSD5) catalyze testosterone biosynthesis and thereby constitute therapeutic targets for androgen-related diseases or endocrine-disrupting chemicals. As a fast and efficient tool to identify potential ligands for 17βHSD3/5, ligand- and structure-based pharmacophore models for both enzymes were(More)
Minor groove-binding ligands are able to control gene expression and are of great interest for therapeutic applications. We extracted hydrogen-bonding geometries from all available structures of minor groove-binder-DNA complexes of two noncovalent binding modes, namely 1:1 (including hairpin and cyclic ligands) and 2:1 ligand/DNA binding. Positions of the(More)