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The continuum of physiological anxiety up to psychopathology is not merely dependent on genes, but is orchestrated by the interplay of genetic predisposition, gene x environment and epigenetic interactions. Accordingly, inborn anxiety is considered a polygenic, multifactorial trait, likely to be shaped by environmentally driven plasticity at the genomic(More)
Within the last few years a considerable amount of evaluative studies has been published that investigate the performance of 3D virtual screening approaches. Thereby, in particular assessments of protein-ligand docking are facing remarkable interest in the scientific community. However, comparing virtual screening approaches is a non-trivial task. Several(More)
Shape-based molecular similarity approaches have been established as important and popular virtual screening techniques. Recent applications have shown successful screening campaigns using different parameters and query selection. It is common sense that pure volume overlap scoring (or "shape-based screening") under-represents chemical or pharmacophoric(More)
In humans and numerous other mammalian species, individuals considerably vary in their level of trait anxiety. This well known phenomenon is closely related to the etiology of several psychiatric disorders, but its neurophysiological basis remains poorly understood. Here, we applied voltage-sensitive dye imaging to brain slices from animals of the high(More)
Various inflammatory stimuli that activate the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway converge on a serine/threonine kinase that displays a key role in the activation of NF-κB: the I kappa B kinase β (IKK-β). Therefore, IKK-β is considered an interesting target for combating inflammation and cancer. In our study, we developed a ligand-based(More)
In continuation of our recent studies on the quality of conformational models generated with CATALYST and OMEGA we present a large-scale survey focusing on the impact of conformational model quality and several screening parameters on pharmacophore-based and shape-based virtual high throughput screening (vHTS). Therefore, we collected known active compounds(More)
While rodents have a keen sense of smell and largely depend on olfactory cues for operating in their environment, most of the widely used tests to assess anxiety-related behavior largely ignore the olfactory system, being primarily based on fear of brightly lit, novel and open spaces. Here, we aimed at testing whether the genetic predisposition to anxiety(More)
In the current work, we measure the performance of seven ligand-based virtual screening tools--five similarity search methods and two pharmacophore elucidators--against the MUV data set. For the similarity search tools, single active molecules as well as active compound sets clustered in terms of their chemical diversity were used as templates. Their score(More)
We describe the generation and validation of pharmacophore models for PPARs, as well as a large scale validation of the parallel screening approach by screening PPAR ligands against a large database of structure-based models. A large test set of 357 PPAR ligands was screened against 48 PPAR models to determine the best models for agonists of PPAR-alpha,(More)
17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 3 and 5 (17β-HSD3 and 17β-HSD5) catalyze testosterone biosynthesis and thereby constitute therapeutic targets for androgen-related diseases or endocrine-disrupting chemicals. As a fast and efficient tool to identify potential ligands for 17βHSD3/5, ligand- and structure-based pharmacophore models for both enzymes were(More)