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INTRODUCTION In neoadjuvant therapy, irradiation has a deleterious effect on neoangiogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the post-implantation effects of neoadjuvant irradiation on the survival and proliferation of autologous cells seeded onto an acellular human dermis (hAD; Epiflex). Additionally, we examined the influence of dermal hair follicle(More)
The synthetic hexapeptide growth hormone-releasing peptide (GHRP-6) stimulates growth hormone (GH) release in animals and man. GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) has the same effect. In addition, pulsatile administration of GHRH in normal men results in increased slow-wave sleep (SWS) and blunted cortisol levels. The effect of GHRP on nocturnal hormone secretion(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In injured liver, TGF-β affects all hepatic cell types and participates in wound healing and fibrogenesis. TGF-β downstream signaling is highly complex and cell type dependent, involving Smad and non-Smad signaling cascades thus requiring tight regulation. Endocytosis has gained relevance as important mechanism to control signaling(More)
Improvements of radiotherapy in combination with surgery and systemic therapy have resulted in increased survival rates of tumor patients. However, radiation-induced normal tissue toxicity is still dose limiting. Several strategies have been pursued with the goal to develop substances which may prevent or reduce damage to normal tissue. Drugs applied before(More)
BACKGROUND The development of distant metastasis is associated with poor outcome in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) have pivotal roles in the chemotaxis of migrating tumor cells during metastasis. Thus, hampering the SDF-1/CXCR4 cross-talk is a promising(More)
1. The human HERG gene encodes the cardiac repolarizing K(+) current I(Kr) and is genetically inactivated in inherited long QT syndrome 2 (LQTS2). The antihistamine terfenadine blocks HERG channels, and can cause QT prolongation and torsades de pointes, whereas its carboxylate fexofenadine lacks HERG blocking activity. 2. In the present study the ability of(More)
Hepatic regional treatment represents an attempt to improve tumor response by increasing drug concentration with low systemic toxicities. Recently in vitro and clinical studies have shown that the cytotoxicity of 5-fluorodeoxyuridine (FUDR) and 5-fluorouracil (5FU) can be potentiated by high doses of leucovorin (LCV). Two pilot studies with intraarterial(More)
P-glycoprotein (Pgp; also known as MDR1, ABCB1) is the most important and best studied efflux transporter at the blood-brain barrier (BBB); however, the organization of Pgp is unknown. The aim of this study was to employ the recently developed super-resolution fluorescence microscopy method spectral precision distance microscopy/spectral position(More)
Myelotoxicity is a dose-limiting effect of many chemotherapeutic regimens. Thus, there is great interest in protecting human hematopoietic stem cells by the transfer of drug resistance genes. The main focus of this study was the simultaneous overexpression of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) and the O(6)-benzylguanine (O(6)-BG)-resistant mutant MGMT(P140K)(More)