Patrick Maier

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During the last few decades, improvements in the planning and application of radiotherapy in combination with surgery and chemotherapy resulted in increased survival rates of tumor patients. However, the success of radiotherapy is impaired by two reasons: firstly, the radioresistance of tumor cells and, secondly, the radiation-induced damage of normal(More)
Myelotoxicity is a dose-limiting effect of many chemotherapeutic regimens. Thus, there is great interest in protecting human hematopoietic stem cells by the transfer of drug resistance genes. The main focus of this study was the simultaneous overexpression of multidrug resistance 1 (MDR1) and the O(6)-benzylguanine (O(6)-BG)-resistant mutant MGMT(P140K)(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS The discovery of unrestricted somatic stem cells (USSC), a non-hematopoietic stem cell population, brought cord blood (CB) to the attention of regenerative medicine for defining more protocols for non-hematopoietic indications. We demonstrate that a reliable and reproducible method for good manufacturing practice (GMP)-conforming generation(More)
INTRODUCTION In neoadjuvant therapy, irradiation has a deleterious effect on neoangiogenesis. The aim of this study was to examine the post-implantation effects of neoadjuvant irradiation on the survival and proliferation of autologous cells seeded onto an acellular human dermis (hAD; Epiflex). Additionally, we examined the influence of dermal hair follicle(More)
PURPOSE In colorectal cancer, increased expression of the CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) has been shown to provoke metastatic disease due to the interaction with its ligand stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). Recently, a second SDF-1 receptor, CXCR7, was found to enhance tumor growth in solid tumors. Albeit signaling cascades via SDF-1/CXCR4 have been(More)
INTRODUCTION Radiation-induced myelosuppression or mucositis can limit the effectiveness of radiotherapy by requiring dose reduction or delaying treatment of tumour patients. The transfer of a radioprotective gene into normal tissue cells would provide the opportunity to reduce the risks associated with haematopoietic or intestinal toxicity after(More)
Chemoprotection of haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) by gene therapeutic transfer of drug-resistance genes represents the encouraging approach to prevent myelosuppression, which is one of the most severe side effects in tumor therapy. Thus, we cloned and evaluated six different bicistronic lentiviral SIN vectors encoding two transgenes, MGMT(P140K) (an(More)
Systems using two-handed spatial manipulation techniques also require strategies to enable system control tasks. These strategies make it possible to interact with the system comfortably while controlling two hand-held objects simultaneously. The Augmented Chemical Reactions project makes intense use of such two-handed interaction tasks. Users control(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS In injured liver, TGF-β affects all hepatic cell types and participates in wound healing and fibrogenesis. TGF-β downstream signaling is highly complex and cell type dependent, involving Smad and non-Smad signaling cascades thus requiring tight regulation. Endocytosis has gained relevance as important mechanism to control signaling(More)