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  • P M Zurek
  • 1980
The precedence effect, the observation that sound-source localization is determined largely by the interaural cues associated with the earlier-arriving direct sound to the neglect of later-arriving reflections, was investigated in several psychophysical experiments. The first experiment employed a stimulus composed of a continuous noise and its delayed(More)
The goal of this study was to determine the extent to which the difficulty experienced by impaired listeners in understanding noisy speech can be explained on the basis of elevated tone-detection thresholds. Twenty-one impaired ears of 15 subjects, spanning a variety of audiometric configurations with average hearing losses to 75 dB, were tested for(More)
In this paper evaluations of a two-microphone adaptive beamforming system for hearing aids are presented. The system, based on the constrained adaptive beamformer described by Griffiths and Jim [IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-30, 27-34 (1982)], adapts to preserve target signals from straight ahead and to minimize jammer signals arriving from other(More)
A simple model to summarize the precedence effect is proposed that uses a single metric to quantify the relative dominance of the initial interaural delay over the trailing interaural delay in lateralization. This model is described and then used to relate new measurements of the precedence effect made with adjustment and discrimination paradigms. In the(More)
Thresholds for the detection of 500-ms tones in noise at either 0.25 or 4 kHz and either interaurally in-phase (NoSo) or out-of-phase (NoS pi) were measured as a function of the bandwidth of a diotic masking noise (with total noise power held constant). NoSo thresholds followed the classic trend indicative of an effective critical band in noise masking. NoS(More)
Three adaptive feedback-reduction algorithms were implemented in a laboratory-based digital hearing aid system and evaluated with dynamic feedback paths and hearing-impaired subjects. The evaluation included measurements of maximum stable gain and subjective quality ratings. The continuously adapting CNN algorithm (Closed-loop processing with No probe(More)
This research is concerned with the ability of normal-hearing listeners to discriminate broadband signals on the basis of spectral shape. The signals were six broadband noises whose spectral shapes were modeled after the spectra of unvoiced fricative and plosive consonants. The difficulty of the discriminations was controlled by the addition of noise(More)