Patrick M Macleod

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We performed [18F]6-fluoro-L-dopa (6-FD) and [11C]raclopride (RAC) PET studies in six patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) (age, 17 to 61 years; duration of illness, 3 to 10 years), normal controls (n = 10 in 6-FD-PET, n = 8 in RAC-PET), and patients with idiopathic parkinsonism (n = 15 in 6-FD-PET). The youngest patient with MJD had prominent(More)
Four separate initiation sites for neural tube (NT) fusion have been demonstrated recently in mice and other experimental animals. We evaluated the question of whether the multisite model vs. the traditional single-site model of NT closure provided the best explanation for neural tube defects (NTDs) in humans. Evidence for segmental vs. continuous NT(More)
The International Rett Syndrome Association (IRSA) North American database is the first comprehensive compilation of information in the United States and Canada on individuals with Rett syndrome or with another diagnosis in association with MECP2 mutations. The database contains specific information by diagnosis, mutation status, and mutation type and(More)
The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs) are a heterogeneous group of neurodegenerative disorders varying in both clinical manifestations and mode of inheritance. Six different genes causing autosomal dominant SCA are mapped: SCA1, SCA2, Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/SCA3, SCA4, SCA5, and dentatorubropallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA). Expansions of an unstable(More)
Although the risks are low, relatives of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients have a greater risk of developing the disease than the general population. Since this is true of second- and third-degree relatives as well as first-degree relatives, the increased risk cannot be explained solely by environmental factors. This observation is part of the evidence that(More)
The Rett syndrome (RS) is a peculiar, sporadic, atrophic disorder, almost entirely confined to females. After the first six months of life there is developmental slowing with reduced communication and head growth for about one year. This is followed by a rapid destructive stage with severe dementia and loss of hand skills (with frequent hand wringing),(More)
BACKGROUND We describe nine females with Rett Syndrome (RS), aged 14 to 26 years. All had had developmental delay before the end of their first year and had subsequently regressed to profound dementia with apraxia, ataxia, irregular respirations and often also seizures. METHODS The Revised Gesell developmental assessment and Alpern-Boll Developmental(More)
A family is described in which Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is inherited as an X-linked dominant mutation (CMT2). Ten DNA marker loci on the X chromosome were used to map the disease locus by linkage analysis. The DXYS1 sequence at Xq13 was found to be linked to the CMT2 locus at an estimated distance of 6 cM (Zmax = 2.87 at theta max = 0.06). The data also(More)
During the course of investigating a 10-year-old boy because of progressive deterioration of intellectual functioning, ataxia, and hemiplegia, an absence of serum hexosaminidase activity was noted. A skin biopsy examined by electron microscopy showed axonal accumulations of dense osmiophilic deposits. Because of the patient's age at onset and the slowly(More)
Mutations in the MECP2 gene cause Rett syndrome (RTT). MeCP2 binds to chromocentric DNA through its methyl CpG-binding domain (MBD) to regulate gene expression. In heterozygous females the variable phenotypic severity is modulated by non-random X-inactivation, thus making genotype-phenotype comparisons unreliable. However, genotype-phenotype correlations in(More)