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Families with autosomal dominant inherited predisposition to gastric cancer have been described. More recently, germline E-cadherin/CDH1 mutations have been identified in hereditary diffuse gastric cancer kindred. The need to have protocols to manage and counsel these families in the clinic led a group of geneticists, gastroenterologists, surgeons,(More)
Mutations in the GLI3 zinc-finger transcription factor gene cause Greig cephalopolysyndactyly syndrome (GCPS) and Pallister-Hall syndrome (PHS), which are variable but distinct clinical entities. We hypothesized that GLI3 mutations that predict a truncated functional repressor protein cause PHS and that functional haploinsufficiency of GLI3 causes GCPS. To(More)
In a multi-centre study strontium-89 was shown to be effective in relieving bone pain from prostatic carcinoma in patients who had failed conventional therapies. Of 83 patients assessed at 3 months, following the administration of a dose of at least 1.5 MBq/kg, 75% derived benefit and 22% became pain free. Symptomatic improvement usually occurred within 6(More)
The palliative efficacy of strontium-89 chloride has been evaluated in a prospective double-blind crossover study comparing it with stable strontium as placebo in 32 patients with prostate cancer metastatic to bone. Response was assessed 5 weeks after each treatment. 26 patients were evaluable. Complete pain relief was only reported following strontium-89(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the E-cadherin (CDH1) gene are a well documented cause of hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC). Development of evidence based guidelines for CDH1 screening for HDGC have been complicated by its rarity, variable penetrance, and lack of founder mutations. METHODS Forty three new gastric cancer (GC) families were ascertained from(More)
Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) is a progressive upper-motor neurodegenerative disease. The eighth HSP locus, SPG8, is on chromosome 8p24.13. The three families previously linked to the SPG8 locus present with relatively severe, pure spastic paraplegia. We have identified three mutations in the KIAA0196 gene in six families that map to the SPG8 locus.(More)
Predictive and pre-natal testing for Huntington's Disease (HD) has been available since 1987. Initially this was offered by linkage analysis, which was surpassed by the advent of the direct mutation test for HD in 1993. Direct mutation analysis provided an accurate test that not only enhanced predictive and pre-natal testing, but also permitted the(More)
Rett syndrome is caused by mutations in the gene MECP2 in approximately 80% of affected individuals. We describe a previously unknown MeCP2 isoform. Mutations unique to this isoform and the absence, until now, of identified mutations specific to the previously recognized protein indicate an important role for the newly discovered molecule in the(More)
Four separate initiation sites for neural tube (NT) fusion have been demonstrated recently in mice and other experimental animals. We evaluated the question of whether the multisite model vs. the traditional single-site model of NT closure provided the best explanation for neural tube defects (NTDs) in humans. Evidence for segmental vs. continuous NT(More)