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We performed [18F]6-fluoro-L-dopa (6-FD) and [11C]raclopride (RAC) PET studies in six patients with Machado-Joseph disease (MJD) (age, 17 to 61 years; duration of illness, 3 to 10 years), normal controls (n = 10 in 6-FD-PET, n = 8 in RAC-PET), and patients with idiopathic parkinsonism (n = 15 in 6-FD-PET). The youngest patient with MJD had prominent(More)
BACKGROUND Jacobsen syndrome is a rare contiguous gene disorder that results from a terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 11. It is typically characterized by intellectual disability, a variety of physical anomalies and a distinctive facial appearance. The 11q deletion has traditionally been identified by routine chromosome analysis. Array-based(More)
Four separate initiation sites for neural tube (NT) fusion have been demonstrated recently in mice and other experimental animals. We evaluated the question of whether the multisite model vs. the traditional single-site model of NT closure provided the best explanation for neural tube defects (NTDs) in humans. Evidence for segmental vs. continuous NT(More)
The International Rett Syndrome Association (IRSA) North American database is the first comprehensive compilation of information in the United States and Canada on individuals with Rett syndrome or with another diagnosis in association with MECP2 mutations. The database contains specific information by diagnosis, mutation status, and mutation type and(More)
The Rett syndrome (RS) is a peculiar, sporadic, atrophic disorder, almost entirely confined to females. After the first six months of life there is developmental slowing with reduced communication and head growth for about one year. This is followed by a rapid destructive stage with severe dementia and loss of hand skills (with frequent hand wringing),(More)
BACKGROUND We describe nine females with Rett Syndrome (RS), aged 14 to 26 years. All had had developmental delay before the end of their first year and had subsequently regressed to profound dementia with apraxia, ataxia, irregular respirations and often also seizures. METHODS The Revised Gesell developmental assessment and Alpern-Boll Developmental(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in SACS, leading to autosomal-recessive spastic ataxia of Charlevoix-Saguenay (ARSACS), have been identified as a frequent cause of recessive early-onset ataxia around the world. Here we aimed to enlarge the spectrum of SACS mutations outside Quebec, to establish the pathogenicity of novel variants, and to expand the clinical and(More)
A family is described in which Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is inherited as an X-linked dominant mutation (CMT2). Ten DNA marker loci on the X chromosome were used to map the disease locus by linkage analysis. The DXYS1 sequence at Xq13 was found to be linked to the CMT2 locus at an estimated distance of 6 cM (Zmax = 2.87 at theta max = 0.06). The data also(More)
During the course of investigating a 10-year-old boy because of progressive deterioration of intellectual functioning, ataxia, and hemiplegia, an absence of serum hexosaminidase activity was noted. A skin biopsy examined by electron microscopy showed axonal accumulations of dense osmiophilic deposits. Because of the patient's age at onset and the slowly(More)
BACKGROUND Array genomic hybridization is being used clinically to detect pathogenic copy number variants in children with intellectual disability and other birth defects. However, there is no agreement regarding the kind of array, the distribution of probes across the genome, or the resolution that is most appropriate for clinical use. RESULTS We(More)