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Human motivation is sensitive to value—to the outcomes of actions. People invest mental and physical resources for obtaining desired results or for stopping and reversing undesired ones. Accordingly, people’s motivation is sensitive to information about their standing in relation to outcome attainment (‘outcome feedback’). In this paper, we argue and(More)
PURPOSE Bone regeneration through distraction osteogenesis (DO) is promising but remarkably slow. To accelerate it, autologous mesenchymal stem cells have been directly injected to the distraction site in a few recent studies. Compared to direct injection, a scaffold-based method can provide earlier cell delivery with potentially better controlled cell(More)
PURPOSE Today patients are living longer and demanding more stable prostheses to replace lost teeth. The restoration of the mandibular dentition with metal-acrylic resin implant-supported fixed complete prostheses via an immediate loading protocol allows patients to have an immediate definitive restorative solution. However, little is known about the(More)
Acromioclavicular (AC) dislocation with an associated displaced fracture of the middle third of the clavicle is a rare injury with no established standard treatment. Previous AC fixation techniques described have not included simultaneous internal fixation of the clavicle. We present the case of a 19-year-old man who sustained this combined injury pattern(More)
This study examines the relationship between oxygen expired and functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) measured hemoglobin levels in the brain. Analysis of these two signals during normal versus deep breathing provides insight into the dynamics of cerebral physiology. Intersubject variation suggests the existence of two distinct groups with respect(More)
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