Patrick M. Buck

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Early identification of monoclonal antibody candidates whose development, as high concentration (≥100 mg/mL) drug products, could prove challenging, due to high viscosity, can help define strategies for candidate engineering and selection. Concentration dependent viscosities of 11 proprietary mAbs were measured. Sequence and structural features of the(More)
With the rise of antibody based therapeutics as successful medicines, there is an emerging need to understand the fundamental antibody conformational dynamics and its implications towards stability of these medicines. Both deglycosylation and thermal stress have been shown to cause conformational destabilization and aggregation in monoclonal antibodies.(More)
The various roles that aggregation prone regions (APRs) are capable of playing in proteins are investigated here via comprehensive analyses of multiple non-redundant datasets containing randomly generated amino acid sequences, monomeric proteins, intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) and catalytic residues. Results from this study indicate that the(More)
Protein based biotherapeutics have emerged as a successful class of pharmaceuticals. However, these macromolecules endure a variety of physicochemical degradations during manufacturing, shipping, and storage, which may adversely impact the drug product quality. Of these degradations, the irreversible self-association of therapeutic proteins to form(More)
Aggregation is a common hurdle faced during the development of antibody therapeutics. In this study, we explore the potential aggregation liabilities of the Fab (fragment antigen-binding) from a human IgG1κ antibody via multiple elevated temperature molecular dynamic simulations, analogous to accelerated stability studies performed during formulation(More)
Therapeutic monoclonal antibody (mAb) candidates that form highly viscous solutions at concentrations above 100 mg/mL can lead to challenges in bioprocessing, formulation development, and subcutaneous drug delivery. Earlier studies of mAbs with concentration-dependent high viscosity have indicated that mAbs with negatively charged Fv regions have a(More)
Effective characterization of protein-based therapeutic candidates such as monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) is important to facilitate their successful progression from early discovery and development stages to marketing approval. One challenge relevant to biopharmaceutical development is, understanding how the stability of a protein is affected by the presence(More)
The pathway which proteins take to fold can be influenced from the earliest events of structure formation. In this light, it was both predicted and confirmed that increasing the stiffness of a beta hairpin turn decreased the size of the transition state ensemble (TSE), while increasing the folding rate. Thus, there appears to be a relationship between(More)
The kinetics of agitation-induced subvisible particle formation was investigated for a few model proteins - human serum albumin (HSA), hen egg white lysozyme (HEWL), and a monoclonal antibody (IgG2). Experiments were carried out for the first time under relatively low protein concentration and low agitation speed to investigate the details of subvisible(More)
High viscosity of monoclonal antibody formulations at concentrations ≥100 mg/mL can impede their development as products suitable for subcutaneous delivery. The effects of hydrophobic and electrostatic intermolecular interactions on the solution behavior of MAB 1, which becomes unacceptably viscous at high concentrations, was studied by testing 5 single(More)