Patrick M. Blanner

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The cause of reduced migration ability in polyamine-deficient cells is not known, but their actin cytoskeleton is clearly abnormal. We depleted polyamines with alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO) in migrating cells with or without stimulation by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and investigated filamentous (F-) actin, monomeric (G-) actin, and thymosin beta4(More)
Wolfram syndrome is a genetic disorder characterized by diabetes and neurodegeneration and considered as an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) disease. Despite the underlying importance of ER dysfunction in Wolfram syndrome and the identification of two causative genes, Wolfram syndrome 1 (WFS1) and Wolfram syndrome 2 (WFS2), a molecular mechanism linking the ER to(More)
Refeeding fasted rats significantly stimulates mucosal growth and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the rate-limiting enzyme in the biosynthesis of polyamines, but the exact mechanism responsible for induction of ODC at the molecular level is unknown. Of normal dietary constituents, the amino acid asparagine markedly increases ODC activity and mucosal growth(More)
Insulin sensitizing thiazolidinediones (TZDs) are generally considered to work as agonists for the nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferative activated receptor-gamma (PPAR gamma). However, TZDs also have acute, non-genomic metabolic effects and it is unclear which actions are responsible for the beneficial pharmacology of these compounds. We have taken(More)
In this report, we show that apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1(-/-) (ASK1 KO) mice were resistant to inflammatory arthritis induced in the K/BxN serum transfer model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The p38 inhibitor, SD-0006 was administered to wild type (WT) mice as a comparator. Both ASK1 KO and p38 inhibition resulted in marked attenuation of edema,(More)
We evaluated the effects of two thiazolidinediones (TZDs), the potent PPARgamma agonist rosiglitazone currently being used to treat diabetes, and a structurally similar experimental compound that is a poor PPARgamma agonist, in a non-diabetic, established hypertension model with continuous measurement of blood pressure by telemetry. Hypertension was induced(More)
Healing of gastrointestinal mucosal lesions occurs through two processes: an early one involving cell migration and a later one in which cell division replaces lost cells. Both processes require the presence of polyamines, but the mechanism of action of these compounds is unknown. In the present study, we examined the ability of analogues of spermidine and(More)
Cell growth and migration are essential processes for the differentiation, maintenance, and repair of the intestinal epithelium. Epidermal growth factor (EGF) is an important factor in the reorganization of the cytoskeleton required for both processes. Because we had previously found significant changes in the cytoskeleton during polyamine deficiency, it(More)
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