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Tonic receptors convey stimulus duration and intensity and are implicated in homeostatic control. However, how tonic homeostatic signals are generated and how they reconfigure neural circuits and modify animal behavior is poorly understood. Here we show that Caenorhabditis elegans O(2)-sensing neurons are tonic receptors that continuously signal ambient(More)
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) has been proposed to play a role in pain modulation, opioid tolerance, and several other physiological processes. However, pharmacological agents that would help define physiological roles for this peptide are still missing. Here we report the discovery of a potent and selective NPFF receptor antagonist, RF9, that can be administered(More)
Behaviours evolve by iterations of natural selection, but we have few insights into the molecular and neural mechanisms involved. Here we show that some Caenorhabditis elegans wild strains switch between two foraging behaviours in response to subtle changes in ambient oxygen. This finely tuned switch is conferred by a naturally variable hexacoordinated(More)
The coliform group has been used extensively as an indicator of water quality and has historically led to the public health protection concept. The aim of this review is to examine methods currently in use or which can be proposed for the monitoring of coliforms in drinking water. Actually, the need for more rapid, sensitive and specific tests is essential(More)
  • Andrew Jonathan Bretscher, Eiji Kodama-Namba, Karl Emanuel Busch, Robin Joseph Murphy, Zoltan Soltesz, Patrick Laurent +1 other
  • 2011
Homeostatic control of body fluid CO(2) is essential in animals but is poorly understood. C. elegans relies on diffusion for gas exchange and avoids environments with elevated CO(2). We show that C. elegans temperature, O(2), and salt-sensing neurons are also CO(2) sensors mediating CO(2) avoidance. AFD thermosensors respond to increasing CO(2) by a fall(More)
Prolactin-releasing peptide (PrRP) and its receptor G protein-coupled receptor 10 (GPR10) are expressed in brain areas involved in the processing of nociceptive signals. We investigated the role of this new neuropeptidergic system in GPR10-knockout mice. These mice had higher nociceptive thresholds and stronger stress-induced analgesia than wild-type mice,(More)
Brains organize behavior and physiology to optimize the response to threats or opportunities. We dissect how 21% O2, an indicator of surface exposure, reprograms C. elegans' global state, inducing sustained locomotory arousal and altering expression of neuropeptides, metabolic enzymes, and other non-neural genes. The URX O2-sensing neurons drive arousal at(More)
Sensory loss induces cross-modal plasticity, often resulting in altered performance in remaining sensory modalities. Whereas much is known about the macroscopic mechanisms underlying cross-modal plasticity, only scant information exists about its cellular and molecular underpinnings. We found that Caenorhabditis elegans nematodes deprived of a sense of body(More)