Patrick Laurent

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The coliform group has been used extensively as an indicator of water quality and has historically led to the public health protection concept. The aim of this review is to examine methods currently in use or which can be proposed for the monitoring of coliforms in drinking water. Actually, the need for more rapid, sensitive and specific tests is essential(More)
Neuropeptide FF (NPFF) has been proposed to play a role in pain modulation, opioid tolerance, and several other physiological processes. However, pharmacological agents that would help define physiological roles for this peptide are still missing. Here we report the discovery of a potent and selective NPFF receptor antagonist, RF9, that can be administered(More)
Behaviours evolve by iterations of natural selection, but we have few insights into the molecular and neural mechanisms involved. Here we show that some Caenorhabditis elegans wild strains switch between two foraging behaviours in response to subtle changes in ambient oxygen. This finely tuned switch is conferred by a naturally variable hexacoordinated(More)
Tonic receptors convey stimulus duration and intensity and are implicated in homeostatic control. However, how tonic homeostatic signals are generated and how they reconfigure neural circuits and modify animal behavior is poorly understood. Here we show that Caenorhabditis elegans O(2)-sensing neurons are tonic receptors that continuously signal ambient(More)
Homeostatic control of body fluid CO(2) is essential in animals but is poorly understood. C. elegans relies on diffusion for gas exchange and avoids environments with elevated CO(2). We show that C. elegans temperature, O(2), and salt-sensing neurons are also CO(2) sensors mediating CO(2) avoidance. AFD thermosensors respond to increasing CO(2) by a fall(More)
Tonic receptors convey stimulus duration and intensity and are implicated in homeostatic control. However, how tonic homeostatic signals are generated, and how they reconfigure neural circuits and modify animal behavior is poorly understood. Here we show that C. elegans O2-sensing neurons are tonic receptors that continuously signal ambient [O2] to set the(More)
Water quality assessment involves the specific, sensitive, and rapid detection of bacterial indicators and pathogens in water samples, including viable but nonculturable (VBNC) cells. This work evaluates the specificity and sensitivity of a new method which combines a fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) approach with a physiological assay (direct(More)
Polymorphism for CYP2D6 was determined genetically as part of a hospital-based case-control study. The cases were males with a histologically confirmed lung cancer diagnosis, < 75 years old, and no previous cancer diagnosis. Male controls were matched for age, hospital and residence area. This study includes 301 cases and 310 controls. A DNA bank was(More)
The final outcome of tube elongation and branching is to maximize the epithelial exchange surfaces in tubular organs. The molecular and cellular basis of these processes is actively studied in model organs such as mammary glands, liver and kidney, but they remain almost unexplored in the male reproductive tract. Here, we report that the orphan G(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenesis is a key step in the dental pulp healing sequence which involves the dentine bridge formation. In a previous work, we showed that dental pulp cells secrete soluble factors which interact with endothelial cells and affect the process of angiogenesis. The objective of this work was to quantify the angiogenic growth factors released by(More)