Patrick L Ergina

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Surgery and other invasive therapies are complex interventions, the assessment of which is challenged by factors that depend on operator, team, and setting, such as learning curves, quality variations, and perception of equipoise. We propose recommendations for the assessment of surgery based on a five-stage description of the surgical development process.(More)
Research on surgical interventions is associated with several methodological and practical challenges of which few, if any, apply only to surgery. However, surgical evaluation is especially demanding because many of these challenges coincide. In this report, the second of three on surgical innovation and evaluation, we discuss obstacles related to the study(More)
Surgical innovation is an important part of surgical practice. Its assessment is complex because of idiosyncrasies related to surgical practice, but necessary so that introduction and adoption of surgical innovations can derive from evidence-based principles rather than trial and error. A regulatory framework is also desirable to protect patients against(More)
BACKGROUND Type 2 heparin-induced thrombocytopenia is an uncommon but often fatal complication of heparin, frequently difficult to diagnose after cardiac surgery. In this series, we record the clinical presentation, temporal relationship, and treatment outcome of patients diagnosed with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia postoperatively. METHODS(More)
We present two cases of catecholamine-refractory and vasopressin-refractory vasoplegic syndrome associated with intraoperative anaphylaxis during cardiac surgery. One case was related to the administration of protamine and the other case to the administration of aprotinin. Both cases were successfully managed using intravenous methylene blue. The use of(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular free wall rupture is an uncommon but catastrophic event after myocardial infarction and is associated with a high mortality. After prompt diagnosis some patients may be salvaged with immediate surgical intervention. Surgical techniques used to seal the rupture vary, as few surgeons have experience with this pathologic process. We(More)
PURPOSE Combined heart and liver transplant is a rare procedure to treat end-stage cardiac and liver disease. First performed during cardiopulmonary bypass and anticoagulation, subsequent concerns about increased bleeding changed the strategy to performing liver implantation following separation from cardiopulmonary bypass. Considering the overall decrease(More)
Historically, values of pulmonary function tests, when taken on the day after open upper abdominal surgery and cholecystectomy, show decreases of 45% to 60% compared with preoperative determinations. In a group of 54 consecutive patients in whom many pulmonary function parameters were studied, forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s(More)