Patrick L Carolan

Learn More
The clinical histories, physical examinations and results of head computed tomography and head ultrasound scans were reviewed in a group of 15 infants who had macrocrania, excessive extra-axial fluid and normal development. Diagnostic evaluations demonstrated mild ventriculomegaly and extra-axial fluid collections. No treatment was undertaken. All infants(More)
OBJECTIVE Rebreathing of exhaled air is one proposed mechanism for the increased risk for sudden infant death syndrome among prone sleeping infants. We evaluated how carbon dioxide (CO(2)) dispersal was affected by a conventional crib mattress and 5 products recently marketed to prevent prone rebreathing. SETTING Infant pulmonary laboratory. EQUIPMENT(More)
A questionnaire survey was conducted to assess the impact of the April 1992 American Academy of Pediatrics Task Force Statement, "Infant Positioning and SIDS," on the routine advice provided by pediatricians in Minnesota to families with newborn infants regarding sleep practices, including sleep position. There was a trend toward more discussion between all(More)
This study evaluates the hypothesis that a decline in sudden infant death syndrome in Minnesota is associated with increases in other categories of sudden unexpected infant death. Matched birth and death certificates, autopsy reports, and home visit questionnaires were reviewed for 722 sudden unexpected infant deaths that occurred from January 1, 1996(More)
Pneumomediastinum is a relatively uncommon occurrence in pediatric patients. After mediastinal air leak, air may dissect through a variety of tissue planes within the chest, neck, and abdomen. We report the case of a 16-year-old adolescent boy who presented with spontaneous pneumomediastinum accompanied by the presence of air within the spinal canal. We(More)
Penetrating orbital trauma is an uncommon pediatric emergency with potentially devastating consequences. We report a five-year-old child who fell on a wooden toy and sustained an orbital roof fracture. He subsequently developed an intracranial abscess. Current information pertaining to penetrating orbitocranial trauma will be reviewed, stressing the(More)
  • 1