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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a significant source of morbidity and mortality for millions of people worldwide, and multiple potential etiologies have been postulated to contribute to AD. Among these, spontaneous cerebral emboli and increased cerebral and circulating heme oxygenase (Hmox) activity in AD patients are of particular interest, as two of the(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE Transcranial ultrasound (TUS) can modulate brain function. To assess possible TUS modulation of mental states, we investigated effects on subjective reports of pain and mood of sub-thermal TUS versus placebo applied to frontal scalp and brain of chronic pain patient volunteers. METHODS With IRB approval and informed consent, subjects(More)
Annually, thousands suffer poisonous snakebite, often from defibrinogenating species. It has been demonstrated that iron and carbon monoxide change the ultrastructure of plasma thrombi and improve coagulation kinetics. Thus, this investigation sought to determine whether pre-treatment of plasma with iron and carbon monoxide could attenuate venom-mediated(More)
Annually, thousands suffer poisonous snake bite, often from defibrinogenating species. Iron and carbon monoxide (CO) improve coagulation kinetics by modulation of fibrinogen as demonstrated in various Agkistrodon species and Crotalus atrox. Thus, we sought to determine whether pretreatment of plasma with iron and CO could attenuate venom-mediated catalysis(More)
Morbid obesity is associated with significant thrombophilia. Of interest, adipocytes obtained from obese patients have increased heme oxygenase (Hmox) activity, the endogenous enzyme responsible for carbon monoxide (CO) production. Given that CO enhances plasmatic coagulation, we determined whether morbidly obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery had an(More)
Peripheral artery cannulation is a common procedure but can sometimes be difficult. Our goal was to determine if a median nerve block would increase the diameter and flow of the radial artery. Radial artery diameter and peak velocity was measured using a SonoSite Ultrasound System. Using ultrasound guidance, a median nerve block was performed with(More)
This study identified 100 ambulatory surgery patients receiving general anesthesia who were at increased risk for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and randomly assigned them to receive single-agent prophylaxis (12.5 mg of dolasetron or 4 mg of ondansetron) 15 to 30 minutes before the end of surgery. Data were collected in the postanesthesia care(More)
BACKGROUND Esophageal detector devices (EDDs) impose negative pressure on the trachea or esophagus to verify endotracheal tube (ETT) position. In cardiac arrest, the smooth muscle of the lower esophageal sphincter relaxes in a time-dependent and irreversible manner. If relaxation also occurs in the muscular posterior tracheal wall, it could predispose(More)
The difficult intubation is one of the most trying situations encountered in airway management. Transtracheal jet ventilation via needle cricothyroidotomy can provide temporary oxygenation in this critical situation in a minimally invasive fashion. The esophageal detector device (EDD) has been previously shown to be effective in determining the tracheal(More)
Although regional anesthesia offers advantages for intraoperative and postoperative pain relief, it is not possible without complications. A case of a significant burn injury after splint placement is described after a peripheral nerve block was performed for postoperative pain management. It is our hope that this case alerts physicians and others involved(More)
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