Patrick Jullien

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Normal chicken, mouse, and human embryo fibroblasts release into their culture media transforming growth factors (TGFs) in a latent form. Their soft agar colony-forming activity on two widely used target cells, rat NRK-49F and mouse AKR-2B, is essentially revealed only after prior acidification of cell-conditioned media. These TGFs are EGF-dependent when(More)
One of the two main goals of the Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis (LF) is to provide care for those suffering from the devastating clinical manifestations of this filarial infection. Among the 120 million infected people worldwide, up to 16 million have lymphoedema. The WHO strategy for managing lymphoedema is based on rigorous skin(More)
A latent beta-TGF activity is spontaneously released into serum-free culture medium by chicken embryo fibroblasts. Anchorage-independent growth activity measured on NRK-49F indicator cells, of this latent beta-TGF can be revealed by four different treatments: acidification, alkalinisation, exposure to urea, and heating to 100 degrees C for 3 minutes. This(More)
Human blood platelets, the richest known source of beta-transforming Growth Factor extractable under acid conditions, release in neutral extracts (pH 7.2) a latent form of this growth factor with an apparent molecular weight of 400 Kd. This latent form, poorly active on rat NRK-49F indicator cells in soft agar assays can be activated by exposure to acid pH(More)
The COOH-terminal Src kinase (Csk) is responsible for the phosphorylation of the conserved, negative regulatory, carboxyl-terminal tyrosine of most of the Src family protein tyrosine kinases. Up to now, no stable binding of Csk to Src kinases has been detected. We therefore decided to analyze this interaction using two systems which allow detection of(More)
Samples representative of different stages of disease from a longitudinal study of multiple sclerosis patients were tested in the anchorage-independent growth assay for TGF-beta and an increased activity was detected in the supernatants from 2-day blood cell cultures from patients with active disease compared to patients without active disease and healthy(More)
Transient (about 2 hr) acidification to approx. pH 5.0 of agar-gelled overlayers containing untransformed NRK-49F or KiMSV-transformed NRK-49F cells in the presence of fetal calf serum or crude 49F-cell conditioned medium, as sources of latent TGF-beta, elicited EGF-dependent colony formation of 49F cells and inhibited spontaneous growth of transformed(More)
Chicken embryo fibroblasts sensitized by ts RSV respond to TGFs present in the media of non-transformed FR3T3 and NRK-4 rat cells and of the same cells transformed by KiMSV or RSV. They also respond to TGFs present in the media of BHK hamster cells transformed by MoMSV, PyV or RSV. Two other indicator rat cell lines, untransformed NRK-4 and FR3T3,(More)