Patrick J Tighe

Learn More
BACKGROUND/AIMS There is substantial evidence that mammalian epithelial stem cells are located within well defined niches. Although the corneoscleral limbus is acknowledged as the site of corneal epithelial stem cells no anatomical niche for such cells has yet been described. The authors undertook to re-evaluate the microanatomy of the limbus in order to(More)
Interleukin-12 (IL-12, p70) a heterodimeric cytokine of p40 and p35 subunits, important for Th1-type immune responses, has been attributed a prominent role in multiple sclerosis (MS) and its animal model, experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Recently, the related heterodimeric cytokine, IL-23, composed of the same p40 subunit as IL-12 and a(More)
AIM To examine the contribution of infiltrating cells in the local production of cytokines within the vitreous of patients with proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). METHODS The presence of mRNA coding for IL-6, IL-8, IL-1beta, IL-1alpha, TNFalpha, IFNgamma, IL-12, and HPRT was investigated in 25 vitreous samples from patients with PVR, 11 vitreous(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effect of mutations in the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) gene on the conformation and behavior of the TNFRSF1A protein. Mutations in TNFRSF1A cause the autosomal-dominant, autoinflammatory TNFR-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS). METHODS The expression of recombinant TNFRSF1A was compared in(More)
AIMS To investigate the regulation of cannabinoid receptors CB1 and CB2 on immune cells by pro-inflammatory cytokines and its potential relevance to the inflammatory neurological disease, multiple sclerosis (MS). CB1 and CB2 signalling may be anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective in neuroinflammatory diseases. Cannabinoids can suppress inflammatory(More)
Autoantibodies to 65 kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) are produced in many patients with autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type II (APS-II) or stiff-man syndrome (SMS) and are heterogeneous in their epitope specificities, recognizing both conformational and linear determinants. Major linear epitopes of GAD, which are recognized by autoantibodies in a(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether oligoclonal T cell populations occur in peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS RNA was extracted from the lymphocytes isolated from whole peripheral blood of five female patients fulfilling ARA criteria for SLE and two healthy female controls, and synthesised into cDNA.(More)
Tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) is a hereditary autoinflammatory disorder involving autosomal-dominant missense mutations in TNF receptor superfamily 1A (TNFRSF1A) ectodomains. To elucidate the molecular effects of TRAPS-related mutations, we transfected HEK-293 cells to produce lines stably expressing high levels(More)
Mutations in the Fas (apo-1, CD95) gene result in autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS). These mutations are dominated by small deletions and point mutations that result in splicing errors or missense changes. We report here a novel mutation caused by retrotransposon insertion, which results in loss of exon 8 and ALPS. A father and son suffering(More)
Amniotic membrane is commonly exploited in several surgical procedures. Despite a freeze preservation period, it is reported to retain wound healing, anti-angiogenic, antiinflammatory and anti-scarring properties; however, little is known about the active protein content. 2-DE analysis of transplant-ready amniotic membrane (TRAM) was performed. The effects(More)