Learn More
The goal of this research was to find a practical means by which an array of 100 needle-shaped electrodes could be implanted into the cerebral cortex with minimal brain tissue trauma. It was found that insertion of these structures into cortical tissues could only be performed using high insertion speeds. A pneumatically actuated impact insertion system has(More)
The Utah Intracortical Electrode Array (UIEA) is an array of 100 penetrating silicon microelectrodes designed to focally electrically stimulate or record neurons residing in a single layer up to 1.5 mm beneath the surface of the cerebral cortex. Apart from its use as a unique tool to study parallel processing in the central nervous system, this array could(More)
The promise of advanced neuroprosthetic systems to significantly improve the quality of life for a segment of the deaf, blind, or paralyzed population hinges on the development of an efficacious, and safe, multichannel neural interface for the central nervous system. The candidate implantable device that is to provide such an interface must exceed a host of(More)
The development of a cortically based vision prosthesis has been hampered by a lack of basic experiments on phosphene psychophysics. This basic research has been hampered by the lack of a means to safely stimulate large numbers of cortical neurons. Recently, a number of laboratories have developed arrays of silicon microelectrodes that could enable such(More)
In an effort to assess the safety and efficacy of focal intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) of cerebral cortex with an array of penetrating electrodes as might be applied to a neuroprosthetic device to aid the deaf or blind, we have chronically implanted three trained cats in primary auditory cortex with the 100-electrode Utah Intracortical Electrode(More)
This paper introduces improved techniques for multichannel extracellular electrophysiological recordings of neurons distributed across a single layer of topographically mapped cortex. We describe the electrode array, the surgical implant techniques, and the procedures for data collection and analysis. Neural events are acquired through an array of 25 or 100(More)
The Utah Intracortical Electrode Array is a unique silicon-based monolithic structure designed for use as a multichannel interface to the central nervous system. In this paper, we describe a series of acute experiments designed to determine the neural recording capabilities of this electrode array and the dependence of the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the(More)
Sensory cortical prostheses have potential to aid people suffering from blindness, deafness and other sensory deficits. However, research to date has shown that sensation thresholds via epicortical stimulation are surprisingly large. These thresholds result in potentially deleterious electrical currents, as well as large activation volumes. Large activation(More)
A combination of electrophysiological mapping, behavioral analysis and cortical micro-stimulation was used to explore the interrelation between the auditory cortex and behavior in the adult rat. Auditory discriminations were evaluated in eight rats trained to discriminate the presence or absence of a 75 dB pure tone stimulus. A probe trial technique was(More)
Electrical activation of the auditory cortex has been shown to elicit an auditory sensation; however, the perceptual effects of auditory cortical microstimulation delivered through penetrating microelectrodes have not been clearly elucidated. This study examines the relationship between electrical microstimulus location within the adult rat auditory cortex(More)