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BACKGROUND Phaeochromocytomas and paragangliomas are neuro-endocrine tumours that occur sporadically and in several hereditary tumour syndromes, including the phaeochromocytoma-paraganglioma syndrome. This syndrome is caused by germline mutations in succinate dehydrogenase B (SDHB), C (SDHC), or D (SDHD) genes. Clinically, the(More)
A key function of blood vessels, to supply oxygen, is impaired in tumors because of abnormalities in their endothelial lining. PHD proteins serve as oxygen sensors and may regulate oxygen delivery. We therefore studied the role of endothelial PHD2 in vessel shaping by implanting tumors in PHD2(+/-) mice. Haplodeficiency of PHD2 did not affect tumor vessel(More)
The observation that altered metabolism is the fundamental cause of cancer was made by Otto Warburg nearly a century ago. However, the subsequent identification of oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes has displaced Warburg's theory pointing towards genetic aberrations as the underlining cause of cancer. Nevertheless, in the last decade, cancer-associated(More)
The transcription factor HIF (hypoxia-inducible factor) mediates a highly pleiotrophic response to hypoxia. Many recent studies have focused on defining the extent of this transcriptional response. In the present study we have analysed regulation by hypoxia among transcripts encoding human Fe(II)- and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases. Our results show(More)
Germline mutations in the fumarate hydratase (FH) tumor suppressor gene predispose to leiomyomatosis, renal cysts, and renal cell cancer (HLRCC). HLRCC tumors overexpress HIF1alpha and hypoxia pathway genes. We conditionally inactivated mouse Fh1 in the kidney. Fh1 mutants developed multiple clonal renal cysts that overexpressed Hif1alpha and Hif2alpha. Hif(More)
The discovery of cancer-associated mutations in genes encoding key metabolic enzymes has provided a direct link between altered metabolism and cancer. Advances in mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance technologies have facilitated high-resolution metabolite profiling of cells and tumors and identified the accumulation of metabolites associated(More)
The Mendelian tumour syndromes hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer (HLRCC) and hereditary paragangliomatosis with phaeochromocytomas (HPGL) result from mutations in nuclear genes (FH and SDHB/C/D, respectively) that encode Krebs cycle enzymes. HPGL tumours are highly vascular and there is evidence that inactivation of SDH leads to activation of(More)
2-Oxoglutarate (2OG) and Fe(II)-dependent oxygenase domain-containing protein 1 (OGFOD1) is predicted to be a conserved 2OG oxygenase, the catalytic domain of which is related to hypoxia-inducible factor prolyl hydroxylases. OGFOD1 homologs in yeast are implicated in diverse cellular functions ranging from oxygen-dependent regulation of sterol response(More)
The class V myosins are actin-based motors that move a variety of cellular cargoes [1]. In budding yeast, their activity includes the relocation of a portion of the vacuole from the mother cell to the bud [2, 3]. Fission yeast cells contain numerous (approximately 80) small vacuoles. When S. pombe cells are placed in water, vacuoles fuse in response to(More)