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Numerical simulations of the collisional disruption of large asteroids show that although the parent body is totally shattered, subsequent gravitational reaccumulation leads to the formation of an entire family of large and small objects with dynamical properties similar to those of the parent body. Simulations were performed in two different collisional(More)
This paper builds on preliminary work in which numerical simulations of the collisional disruption of large asteroids (represented by the Eunomia and Koronis family parent bodies) were performed and which accounted not only for the fragmentation of the solid body through crack propagation, but also for the mutual gravita-tional interaction of the resulting(More)
Asteroid families are groups of small bodies that share certain orbit and spectral properties. More than 20 families have now been identified, each believed to have resulted from the collisional break-up of a large parent body in a regime where gravity controls the outcome of the collision more than the material strength of the rock. The size and velocity(More)
In the last few years, thanks to the development of sophisticated numerical codes, a major breakthrough has been achieved in our understanding of the processes involved in small body collisions. In this review, we summarize the most recent results provided by numerical simulations, accounting for both the fragmentation of an asteroid and the gravitational(More)
We present our implementation of the soft-sphere discrete element method (SSDEM) in the parallel gravita-tional N-body code pkdgrav, a well-tested simulation package that has been used to provide many successful results in the field of planetary science. The implementation of SSDEM allows for the modeling of the different contact forces between particles in(More)
We present results from numerical experiments testing the behavior of cohesionless gravitational aggregates experiencing a gradual increase of angular momentum. The test bodies used in these numerical simulations are gravitational aggregates of different construction, distinguished by the size distribution of the particles constituting them, parameterized(More)
We carry out a systematic exploration of the effect of pre-impact rotation on the outcomes of low-speed collisions between planetesimals modeled as gravitational aggregates. We use pkdgrav, a cosmology code adapted to collisional problems and recently enhanced with a new soft-sphere collision algorithm that includes more realistic contact forces. A rotating(More)
Asteroids with satellites are observed throughout the Solar System, from subkilometre near-Earth asteroid pairs to systems of large and distant bodies in the Kuiper belt. The smallest and closest systems are found among the near-Earth and small inner main-belt asteroids, which typically have rapidly rotating primaries and close secondaries on circular(More)
The pathogenic chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is considered responsible for the population declines and extinctions of hundreds of amphibian species worldwide. The panzootic was likely triggered by human-assisted spread, but once the pathogen becomes established in a given region, its distribution is probably determined by local drivers.(More)
In this paper, we analyze the effect of the internal structure of a parent body on its fragment properties following its disruption in different impact energy regimes. To simulate an asteroid breakup, we use the same numerical procedure as in our previous studies, i.e., a 3D SPH hydrocode to compute the fragmentation phase and the parallel N-body code(More)