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Posterior cortical atrophy is a striking clinical syndrome in which a dementing illness begins with visual symptoms. Initially, the problem may seem to be loss of elementary vision, but over time the patient develops features of visual agnosia, topographical difficulty, optic ataxia, simultanagnosia, ocular apraxia (Balint's syndrome), alexia, acalculia,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate and quantify prospectively visual field changes in patients undergoing temporal lobe resections for intractable epilepsy. BACKGROUND Visual field abnormalities occur after temporal lobe resections for epilepsy; however, we have not encountered published reports using automated static visual field analysis. METHODS Humphrey visual(More)
BACKGROUND Selective amygdalohippocampectomy (SelAH) is increasingly performed in patients with mesial temporal lobe epilepsy and hippocampal sclerosis. To determine whether visual field defects are less pronounced after SelAH than after standard temporal lobectomy (StTL), we retrospectively analyzed postoperative quantitative visual fields after the 2(More)
Four patients who developed immediate blindness (no light perception) after indirect traumatic optic neuropathy caused by blunt head injury recovered vision without surgical intervention. In one patient, whose affected eye recovered to a visual acuity of 20/50 + 2, corticosteroids were not used. In two of the other patients, visual recovery began before(More)
Four patients each developed a reversible homonymous hemianopia caused by non-ketotic hyperglycemia. In two patients the homonymous hemianopia was the first manifestation of diabetes mellitus type 2. All four patients had abnormal MRI scans; in the three patients who had late follow-up scans the abnormalities resolved completely. In one patient the(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the incidence and characteristics of acute and rapidly progressive visual loss in idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). METHODS We reviewed the medical records of all patients with IIH seen at two institutions. "Fulminant IIH" was defined as the acute onset of symptoms and signs of intracranial hypertension (less than 4 weeks(More)
We analyzed multiple trace elements in tap water, dialysis fluids, and CSF of patients on dialysis and with chronic renal insufficiency. Before placement of a deionizer in the dialysis unit, we found elevated levels of aluminum, barium, copper, silicon, and zinc in tap water and dialysis fluids. These were corrected by the deionizer. CSF silicon content was(More)
The clinical, neuroradiological and necropsy findings are described in a 49 year old woman with long-standing idiopathic pulmonary haemosiderosis and acute monophasic multiple sclerosis (Marburg's type). Progression of the demyelinating process produced blindness and paraplegia over three weeks. At five weeks, magnetic reasonance imaging (MRI) studies(More)
We describe three patients with acute chiasmal visual field loss caused by hemorrhage within an intrachiasmal arteriovenous malformation. One patient had five episodes; vision improved three times without treatment and twice after surgical decompression. Surgical intervention restored vision in two of the three patients. The role for surgery is indefinite,(More)
PURPOSE The one-and-a-half syndrome is an eye movement disorder characterized by a unilateral gaze palsy and an ipsilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia. The authors describe a previously unrecognized association between the one-and-a-half syndrome and oculopalatal myoclonus (OPM). METHODS Five clinical cases are presented, with pertinent physical(More)