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This paper presents a genetic algorithm (GA) that evolves a four-part musical composition-melodically, harmonically, and rhythmically. Unlike similar attempts in the literature, our composition evolves from a single musical chord without human intervention or initial musical material. The mutation rules and fitness evaluation are based on common rules from(More)
Mind wandering (MW) is a ubiquitous phenomenon characterized by an unintentional shift in attention from task-related to task-unrelated thoughts. MW is frequent during learning and negatively correlates with learning outcomes. Therefore, the next generation of intelligent learning technologies should benefit from mechanisms that detect and combat MW. As an(More)
In music, multiple pitches often occur simultaneously, an essential feature of harmony. In the present study, the authors assessed the ability of cochlear implant (CI) users to perceive polyphonic pitch. Acoustically presented stimuli consisted of one, two, or three superposed tones with different fundamental frequencies (f(0)). The normal hearing control(More)
The capacity for internal rhythmic clocking involves a relationship between perceived auditory input and subsequent cognitive processing by which isochronous auditory stimuli induce a temporal beat expectancy in a listener. Although rhythm perception has previously been examined in cochlear implant (CI) users through various tasks based primarily on rhythm(More)
—The Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), through its Standards Coordinating Committee 20 (SCC20), is developing interface standards focusing on Automatic Test System-related elements in cooperation with a Department of Defense (DoD) initiative to define, demonstrate, and mandate such standards. One of these standards—IEEE Std(More)
—The Institute for Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), through its Standards Coordinating Committee 20 (SCC20), is developing interface standards focusing on Automatic Test System-related elements in cooperation with a Department of Defense (DoD) initiative to define, demonstrate, and recommend such standards. 12 One of these standards-IEEE Std(More)
—This paper is part of an ongoing effort to facilitate wider acceptance and further development of the IEEE Std 1232-2010 Standard for Artificial Intelligence Exchange and Service Tie to All Test Environments (AI-ESTATE). To that end, we describe a tool named SAPPHIRE TM , which includes an implementation of AI-ESTATE in Java and a corresponding GUI tool(More)
We investigate automatic analysis of teachers' instructional strategies from audio recordings collected in live classrooms. We collected a data set of teacher audio and human-coded instructional activities (e.g., lecture, question and answer, group work) in 76 middle school literature, language arts, and civics classes from eleven teachers across six(More)
We investigate multi-sensor modeling of teachers’ instructional segments (e.g., lecture, group work) from audio recordings collected in 56 classes from eight teachers across five middle schools. Our approach fuses two sensors: a unidirectional microphone for teacher audio and a pressure zone microphone for general classroom audio. We segment and(More)