Patrick J. Carroll

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BACKGROUND We undertook a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare surgeon-performed ultrasound (SPUS) for suspected appendicitis or gallstone disease to the "gold standard" of pathological examination or radiologist-performed ultrasound (RPUS). DATA SOURCES MEDLINE, Embase, trial registries, conference proceedings, and article reference lists were(More)
The synthesis, characterization, binding to calf thymus DNA, and plasmid DNA photocleavage studies of two ruthenium(II) pteridinylphenanthroline complexes are reported where the new pteridinylphenantholine ligands in these complexes are additions to a larger family designed to resemble DNA bases. [Ru(bpy)(2)(L-keto)](PF(6))(2)1 is synthesized from ligand(More)
CD spectra for homooligomers (n = 4, 6, 8) of (1S,4R,5R)-5-syn-carboxy-2-azabicyclo[2.1.1]hexane (MPCA), a methano-bridged pyrrolidine β-carboxylic acid, suggest an ordered secondary structure. Even in the absence of internal hydrogen bonding, solution NMR, X-ray, and in silico analyses of the tetramer are indicative of conformations with trans-amides and(More)
A (the sum of double-bond covalent radii for carbon is 1.334 A). In (1), the cyclopentene ring is planar within 0.008 A. In (2), the cyclohexene ring is not planar, with C(4) 0.69 A out of the plane of C(2), C(3), C(5), C(6) and C(11). Abstract. for 1362 observed reflections. The CO2Me and CH2CO2Me groups attached to C(3) and C(5) are both equatorial and(More)
The first regioselective oxidative coupling of 2-hydroxycarbazoles is described. With a vanadium catalyst and oxygen as the terminal oxidant, dimers with an ortho-ortho' coupling pattern were obtained with high selectivity. Further oxidation led to ortho'-ortho' coupling to generate a tetramer, which provided insight that the atropisomerization barriers of(More)
An axial chiral tetrachlorinated bisbenzo[a]phenazine has been discovered that undergoes an alkane-induced shift in the solid state from a disordered amorphous form to an ordered polycrystalline form. This phase transition is caused by the formation of pores that accommodate linear alkanes of varying lengths with a very strong affinity as judged by(More)
Although the past 15 years have witnessed the development of sterically bulky and electron-rich alkylphosphine ligands for palladium-catalyzed cross-couplings with aryl chlorides, examples of palladium catalysts based on either triarylphosphine or bidentate phosphine ligands for efficient room temperature cross-coupling reactions with unactivated aryl(More)
Proline derivatives with a C(γ)-exo pucker typically display a high amide bond trans/cis (K(T/C)) ratio. This pucker enhances n→π* overlap of the amide oxygen and ester carbonyl carbon, which favors a trans amide bond. If there were no difference in n→π* interaction between the ring puckers, then the correlation between ring pucker and K(T/C) might be(More)
Pentavalent uranium complexes of the formula U(V)X(2)[N(SiMe(3))(2)](3) (X = F(-), Cl(-), Br(-), N(3)(-), NCS(-)) are accessible from the oxidation of U(III)[N(SiMe(3))(2)](3) through two sequential, one-electron oxidation reactions (halides) and substitution through salt metathesis (pseudohalides). Uranium(v) mixed-halides are also synthesized by(More)
Dysprosium complexes of the tmtaa(2-) ligand were synthesized and characterized by X-band EPR and magnetism studies. Both complexes demonstrate magnetoanisotropy and slow paramagnetic relaxation. Comparison of these compounds with the seminal phthalocyanine complex [Dy(Pc)(2)](-) shows the azaannulide complexes are more susceptible to relaxation through(More)