Patrick J. Battaglia

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Many variants of the long head of the biceps tendon exist but their appearance has not been documented with ultrasonography (US). We describe a case of variant LHB anatomy that was visualized by magnetic resonance imaging and confirmed with US. Additionally, US was useful to exclude instability of the LHBT. To the best of our knowledge, this variant(More)
This study was designed to examine the anatomical relationship between the obliquus capitis inferior (OCI) muscle and the cervical dura mater at the histological level. Eight human cadavers, with an average age of 65 ± 7.9 years were selected from a convenience sample for suboccipital dissection. Twelve OCI muscle specimens were excised, 100% of which(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability of the Goutallier classification system (GCS) for grading muscle fatty degeneration in the lumbar multifidus (LM) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations. METHODS Lumbar spine MRI scans were obtained retrospectively from the radiology department imaging system. Two(More)
UNLABELLED OBJECTIVE To present a group of anatomical findings that may have clinical significance. DESIGN This study is an anatomical case report of combined lumbo-pelvic peripheral nerve and muscular variants. SETTING University anatomy laboratory. PARTICIPANTS One cadaveric specimen. METHODS During routine cadaveric dissection for a graduate(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this report is to describe a fifth metatarsal stress fracture that was not detectable using conventional radiographs and was identified with diagnostic ultrasonography (US), confirmed with computed tomography, and followed through symptom resolution with US. CLINICAL FEATURES A 68-year-old woman presented to a chiropractic(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to present a narrative review of the literature of musculoskeletal causes of adult hip pain, with special attention to history, physical examination, and diagnostic imaging. METHODS A narrative review of the English medical literature was performed by using the search terms "hip pain" AND "anterior," "lateral," and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to establish reference values for the width of the interval between the anterior and middle scalene muscles using ultrasonography during varying degrees of glenohumeral joint (GH) abduction. Reliability and body mass index (BMI) data were also assessed. METHODS Interscalene triangles of asymptomatic participants were(More)
The aim of this study was to obtain normative ultrasonography (US) data on the suprascapular nerve (SSN) and omohyoid muscle (OM) in the lateral cervical region. The SSN and OM are known to be related throughout the nerve's course, yet little imaging data exists on these structures at areas more proximal than the suprascapular foramen. US data from a(More)
BACKGROUND No detailed reports exist describing the methodology of ultrasound image acquisition of the deep external rotator muscles of the hip. Because gluteal pain and sciatica are common, ultrasound may be a useful dynamic imaging adjunct in the evaluation of these patients. OBJECTIVE To describe dynamic ultrasonography of the deep external rotator(More)