Patrick I. Eacho

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Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is an important protein involved in lipoprotein clearance and cholesterol redistribution. ApoE is abundantly expressed in astrocytes in the brain and is closely linked to the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). We report here that small molecule ligands that activate either liver X receptors (LXR) or retinoid X receptor (RXR)(More)
Peroxisomes are the exclusive site for the ␤-oxidation of very-long-chain fatty acids of more than 20 carbons in length (VL-CFAs). Although the bulk of dietary long-chain fatty acids are oxidized in the mitochondria, VLCFAs cannot be catabolized in mitochondria and must be shortened first by peroxisomal ␤-oxidation. The regulation of peroxisomal,(More)
Estrogen replacement therapy in women decreases hepatic lipase (HL) activity, which may account for the associated increase in HDL cholesterol. To investigate whether estrogen decreases HL transcription, transient cotransfection assays with HL promoter and estrogen receptor-alpha (ERalpha) expression constructs were performed in HepG2 cells.(More)
OBJECTIVE A novel phospholipase assay was used to measure for the first time the behavior of endothelial and hepatic phospholipase activities in postheparin human plasma of hemodialyzed patients and its relationship with atherogenic and antiatherogenic lipoprotein levels. METHODS AND RESULTS Endothelial and hepatic phospholipase activity was assessed in a(More)
Liver X receptors (LXRs) regulate target genes that are critical in lipoprotein metabolism and atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein AIV (ApoAIV) is an apolipoprotein that is associated with chylomicrons and high-density lipoproteins. Plasma ApoAIV level in humans is inversely correlated with coronary artery events and overexpression of ApoAIV in mice results in(More)
4alpha-(2-Propenyl)-5alpha-cholest-24-en-3alpha-ol (3) was shown recently in a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell-based low-density lipoprotein receptor/luciferase (LDLR/Luc) assay to be a potent transcriptional activator of the LDL receptor promoter in the presence of 25-hydroxycholesterol. Because of the involvement of 12alpha-hydroxylation in the(More)
Previous studies established that cells isolated from the chromatically distinct inner (primarily zona reticularis) and outer (zona fasciculata + zona glomerulosa) zones of the guinea pig adrenal cortex had vastly different steroidogenic capabilities; the outer zone produced far more cortisol than the inner zone. The mechanism(s) responsible for those(More)
4Alpha-(2-propenyl)-5alpha-cholestan-3alpha-ol (LY295427) was previously identified from a Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell-based low density lipoprotein receptor/luciferase (LDLR/Luc) assay to be a potent transcriptional activator of the LDL receptor promoter in the presence of 25-hydroxycholesterol. To investigate the effect of the 24,25-unsaturation in(More)
C hronic kidney disease (CKD) is widely accepted as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and mortality. Patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) present higher prevalence of dyslipidemias, 4 accelerated atherosclerosis, and higher risk of death because of cardiovascular disease than the general population. Lipoprotein abnormalities associated with CKD are(More)