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Neurons are born throughout adulthood in the hippocampus and show enhanced plasticity compared with mature neurons. However, there are conflicting reports on whether or not young neurons contribute to performance in behavioral tasks, and there is no clear relationship between the timing of maturation of young neurons and the duration of neurogenesis(More)
In adult male zebra finches, high vocal center (HVC) neurons continuously die and are replaced. Many of these cells are projection neurons that form part of the efferent pathway controlling learned song production. Although it is known that HVC receives new neurons well into adulthood, it is unknown whether this occurs at a constant rate or declines with(More)
Neurogenesis and neuronal replacement in adulthood represent dramatic forms of plasticity that might serve as a substrate for behavioral flexibility. In songbirds, neurons are continually replaced in HVC (used as a proper name), a pre-motor region necessary for the production of learned vocalizations. There are large individual differences in HVC neuron(More)
OBJECTIVE Intracranial rat glioma models are a useful method for evaluating the efficacy and toxicity of novel therapies for malignant glioma. The C6/Wistar model has been used extensively as a reproducible in vivo model for studying primary brain tumors including anti-glioma immune responses. The objective of the present study is to provide in vivo(More)
Commercial database management systems (DBMSs) have historically seen very limited use within the scientific computing community. One reason for this absence is that previous database systems lacked support for the extensible data structures and performance features required within a high-performance computing context. However, database vendors have(More)
Silicon nanowires (Si NWs) modified by covalent Si-CH3 functionality, with no intervening oxide, show atmospheric stability, high conductance values, low surface defect levels, and allow for the formation of air-stable Si NW Field-Effect Transistors (FETs) having on-off ratios in excess of 105 over a relatively small gate voltage swing (+/-2 V).
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1 The views expressed are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U. Abstract This paper reports ongoing work on a novel mission-oriented information assurance (IA) assessment approach that contrasts runtime measurements and observations against user-specified requirements.