Patrick Hanks

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The term word assaciation is used in a very particular sense in the psycholinguistic literature. (Generally speaking, subjects respond quicker than normal to the word "nurse" if it follows a highly associated word such as "doctor.") We wilt extend the term to provide the basis for a statistical description of a variety of interesting linguistic phenomena,(More)
The computational tools available for studying machine-readable corpora are at present still rather primitive. In the more advanced lexicographic organizations, there are concordancing programs (see figure below), which are basically KWIC (key word in context (Aho et al., 1988, p. 122), (Salton, 1989, p. 384)) indexes with additional features such as the(More)
There are a number of coUocational constraints in natural languages that ought to play a more important role in natural language parsers. Thus, for example, it is hard for most parsers to take advantage of the fact that wine is typically drunk, produced, and sold, but (probably) not pruned. So too, it is hard for a parser to know which verbs go with which(More)
Helical CT now allows rapid acquisition of sections through the abdomen and pelvis with optimal vascular opacification and minimal motion artifact. Oral contrast may aid in the identification of subtle bowel and mesenteric injuries and does not have any significant deleterious effects. CT findings of extraluminal enteric contrast, active hemorrhage, or free(More)
My contribution to this discussion is to attempt to spread a little radical doubt. Since I have spent over 30 years of my life writing and editing monolingual dictionary definitions, it may seem rather odd that I should be asking, do word meanings exist? The question is genuine, though: prompted by some puzzling facts about the data that is now available in(More)
This paper explores two aspects of word use and word meaning in terms of Sinclair's (1991, 1998) distinction between the open-choice principle (or terminological tendency) and the idiom principle (or phraseological tendency). Technical terms such as strobilation are rare, highly domain-specific, and of little phraseological interest, although the texts in(More)
A recent workshop entitled "The Family Name as Socio-Cultural Feature and Genetic Metaphor: From Concepts to Methods" was held in Paris in December 2010, sponsored by the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) and by the journal Human Biology. This workshop was intended to foster a debate on questions related to the family names and to(More)
Recent work in lexical resource construction has recognized the importance of contextualizing the knowledge in existing resources and ontologies with information derived from text corpora. This paper describes the integration of a corpus-based lexical acquisition process with a large, linguistically motivated lexical ontology. This semi-automatic(More)