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In the current study, we examined a panel of serially passaged glioblastoma xenografts, in the context of an intracranial tumor therapy response model, to identify associations between glioblastoma molecular characteristics and tumor sensitivity to the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitor erlotinib. From an initial evaluation of 11(More)
PURPOSE The influence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification on glioblastoma patient prognosis following definitive radiotherapy has been extensively investigated in clinical studies, and yet the relationship between EGFR status and radiation response remains unclear. The intent of the current study was to address this relationship using(More)
Temozolomide (TMZ)-based therapy is the standard of care for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), and resistance to this drug in GBM is modulated by the DNA repair protein O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT). Expression of MGMT is silenced by promoter methylation in approximately half of GBM tumors, and clinical studies have shown that(More)
PURPOSE Concurrent temozolomide (TMZ) and radiation therapy (RT) followed by adjuvant TMZ is standard treatment for patients with glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), although the relative contribution of concurrent versus adjuvant TMZ is unknown. In this study, the efficacy of TMZ/RT was tested with a panel of 20 primary GBM xenografts. METHODS AND MATERIALS(More)
CpG methylation within the O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter is associated with enhanced survival of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) patients treated with temozolomide (TMZ). Although MGMT promoter is methylated in ~50% of GBM, several studies have reported a lack of correlation between MGMT methylation and protein expression levels and(More)
PURPOSE Hyperactivation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/Akt signaling through disruption of PTEN function is common in glioblastoma multiforme, and these genetic changes are predicted to enhance sensitivity to mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors such as RAD001 (everolimus). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To test whether PTEN loss could be used as a(More)
Withaferin A (WA), a steroidal lactone derived from the plant Vassobia breviflora, has been reported to have anti-proliferative, pro-apoptotic, and anti-angiogenic properties against cancer growth. In this study, we identified several key underlying mechanisms of anticancer action of WA in glioblastoma cells. WA was found to inhibit proliferation by(More)
PURPOSE Atmospheric oxygen (∼20% O(2)) has been the universal condition employed to culture tumor cells used as vaccine antigen. We tested the hypothesis that reducing oxygen tension would increase the efficacy of tumor cell lysate vaccines. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN GL261 glioma cells and EMT6 breast carcinoma cells were grown in 5% or 20% O(2). Syngeneic(More)
Ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) kinase is critical in sensing and repairing DNA double-stranded breaks (DSBs) such as those induced by temozolomide (TMZ). ATM deficiency increases TMZ sensitivity, which suggests that ATM inhibitors may be effective TMZ sensitizing agents. In this study, the TMZ sensitizing effects of 2 ATM specific inhibitors were(More)
Gene therapy and vaccination have been tested in malignant glioma patients with modest, albeit encouraging results. The combination of these therapies has demonstrated synergistic efficacy in murine models but has not been reported in large animals. Gemistocytic astrocytoma (GemA) is a low-grade glioma that typically progresses to lethal malignancy despite(More)