Patrick Gillham

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The extensive use of digital social media by social movement actors is an emerging trend that restructures the communication dynamics of social protest, and it is widely credited with contributing to the successful mobilizations of recent movements (e.g., Arab Spring, Occupy Wall Street). Yet, our understanding of both the roles played by social movement's(More)
and to anonymous reviewers for their helpful feedback on previous versions of this paper. On the evening of November 29 1999 Seattle business and political leaders hosted an elaborate welcoming party for delegates attending the World Trade Organization's Third Ministerial Conference. At the same time, thousands of activists rallied at a downtown church in(More)
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