Patrick G Hartley

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BACKGROUND The nuclear weapons industry has long been known as a source of beryllium exposure. METHODS A total of 1,004 former workers from a nuclear weapons assembly site in the Midwest were screened for sensitization to beryllium (BeS). The screenings were part of the Department of Energy (DOE) Former Worker Program established in 1996. RESULTS(More)
This work reports the self-assembly of a sparingly soluble antibiotic (ciprofloxacin) and a hydrophobic tripeptide ((D)Leu-Phe-Phe) into supramolecular nanostructures that yield a macroscopic hydrogel at physiological pH. Drug incorporation results in modified morphology and rheological properties of the self-assembled hydrogel. These changes can be(More)
Hydrogels formed by ultrashort peptides are emerging as cost-effective materials for cell culture. However, L-peptides are labile to proteases, while their D-isomers are thought to not support cell growth as well. In contrast, the self-assembly behaviour and biological performance of heterochiral peptides (i.e., made of both d and l amino acids) are largely(More)
Purpose. The role of fine lactose in the dispersion of salmeterol xina- foate (SX) from lactose mixtures was studied by modifying the fine lactose concentration on the surface of the lactose carriers using wet decantation. Methods. Fine lactose was removed from lactose carriers by wet decantation using ethanol saturated with lactose. Particle sizing was(More)
In the quest to rationally design novel mesophase systems the challenge remains to deconvolute the relationship between structure, composition, and function. In the current study, novel glycerol-derived surfactants with high negative interfacial areas and a preference for inverse phase behavior have been targeted and synthesized. This has been achieved by(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the influence of lactose carrier size on drug dispersion of salmeterol xinafoate (SX) from interactive mixtures. SX dispersion was measured by using the fine particle fractions determined by a twin stage impinger attached to a Rotahaler. The particle size of the lactose carrier in the SX interactive mixtures was(More)
Adhesion force distributions of silica spheres (5 and 20 microm) and salmeterol xinafoate (4 microm) particles with inhalation grade lactose surfaces and spin coated lactose films were determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the influence of surface roughness on the force distributions. The roughness of lactose particles and films was(More)
We present studies of the delivery of short interfering ribonucleic acid (siRNA) into a green fluorescent protein (GFP) expressing cell line, using lipid nanocarriers in cubic lyotropic liquid crystal form. These carriers are based on glycerol monooleate (GMO) and employ the use of varying concentrations of cationic siRNA binding lipids. The essential(More)
Change of chirality is a useful tool to manipulate the aqueous self-assembly behaviour of uncapped, hydrophobic tripeptides. In contrast with other short peptides, these tripeptides form hydrogels at a physiological pH without the aid of organic solvents or end-capping groups (e.g. Fmoc). The novel hydrogel forming peptide (D)Leu-Phe-Phe ((D)LFF) and its(More)
The prevalence of infections caused by multidrug-resistant gram-negative Acinetobacter baumannii strains and the lack of novel antibiotics under development are posing a global dilemma, forcing a resurgence of the last-line antibiotic colistin. Our aim was to use atomic force microscopy (AFM) to investigate the morphology and topography of paired(More)