Patrick G. Arbogast

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OBJECTIVE Biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are efficacious for treating rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, measurements of relative effectiveness, including treatment adherence and persistence, are lacking. We evaluated adherence and persistence during new episodes of use of traditional and biologic DMARDs. METHODS Using Tennessee(More)
Hyperventilation (HV) is most effective in activation of generalized absence seizures during routine EEG studies. It is also used as an activation technique in the epilepsy monitoring unit, with limited data on its utility. This prospective study was undertaken to determine the effectiveness of daily hyperventilation sessions in precipitating events in the(More)
BACKGROUND Routine infant immunisation with seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) began in the USA in 2000. Although invasive pneumococcal disease has declined substantially, the programme's effect on hospital admissions for pneumonia is unknown. We therefore assessed the effect of the programme on rates of all-cause and pneumococcal pneumonia(More)
Results of premarketing and postmarketing trials have raised doubts about the cardiovascular safety of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) rofecoxib, especially at doses greater than 25 mg. Between Jan 1, 1999, and June 30, 2001, we did a retrospective cohort study of individuals on the expanded Tennessee Medicaid programme (TennCare), in which(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and somatic symptoms in chronic abdominal pain (CAP) patients and well children during (a) resting baseline, (b) training in a cognitive task, and (c) random assignment to success vs. failure on the task. METHODS The ECG was continuously recorded with a dual lead system (Biopac) in 45 CAP(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of treatment with some atypical antipsychotic drugs in children and youth. Because drug-associated DKA is rare, large automated health outcomes databases may be a valuable data source for conducting pharmacoepidemiologic studies of DKA associated with exposure to(More)
BACKGROUND Extrapulmonary tuberculosis is likely a marker of underlying immune compromise. Our objective was to determine race and sex differences in extrapulmonary tuberculosis risk in order to identify the optimal population in which to assess for host factors associated with extrapulmonary tuberculosis. METHODS We performed an observational study of(More)
OBJECTIVES Blood culture contamination is a common problem in the emergency department (ED) that leads to unnecessary patient morbidity and health care costs. The study objective was to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement (QI) intervention for reducing blood culture contamination in an ED. METHODS The authors developed a QI(More)
A retrospective, propensity-matched cohort study was conducted to determine the mortality rate in patients with healthcare-associated infection (HAI) due to multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii. The 28-day mortality rate for patients with MDR A. baumannii HAI was not significantly different than that for patients with non-MDR A. baumannii HAI.(More)
ii The DEcIDE (Developing Evidence to Inform Decisions about Effectiveness) network is part of AHRQ's Effective Health Care Program. It is a collaborative network of research centers that support the rapid development of new scientific information and analytic tools. The DEcIDE network assists health care providers, patients, and policymakers seeking(More)