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Kidney cortex is a main target for circulating vitamin B12 (cobalamin) in complex with transcobalamin (TC). Ligand blotting of rabbit kidney cortex with rabbit 125I-TC-B12 and human TC-57Co-B12 revealed an exclusive binding to megalin, a 600-kDa endocytic receptor present in renal proximal tubule epithelium and other absorptive epithelia. The binding was(More)
OBJECTIVE Retroviruses can activate the complement system in the absence of antibodies, and the purpose of this study was to examine whether the serum collection, mannan-binding protein (MBP), could mediate such complement activation. DESIGN Virus envelope proteins gp120 and gp110 from HIV-1 and HIV-2 were incubated in microtitre wells coated with(More)
The alpha-glucosidase inhibitor N-butyldeoxynojirimycin (NB-DNJ) is an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and HIV-induced syncytium formation in vitro. Although an NB-DNJ-mediated change in viral envelope N-glycan composition inhibits HIV entry at the level of post-CD4 binding, the exact mechanism of inhibition remains to be(More)
The alpha-glucosidase inhibitor N-butyldeoxynojirimycin (NB-DNJ) is a potent inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and syncytium formation in vitro. However, the exact mechanism of action of NB-DNJ remains to be determined. In this study we have examined the impairment of HIV infectivity mediated by NB-DNJ. By two independent HIV entry(More)
The immediate early response of cells treated with IL-6 (interleukin-6) is the activation of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3. The Src homology domain 2 (SH2)-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 and the feedback inhibitor SOCS3 (suppressor of cytokine signalling) are potent inhibitors of IL-6 signal transduction.(More)
The glycosylation of the circulating immunoglobulin-gamma (IgG) antibody molecules changes in rheumatoid arthritis. The extent of the changes correlates with the disease severity and reverses in remission. We demonstrate here that the alteration in glycosylation associated with rheumatoid arthritis can create a new mode for the interaction of IgG with(More)
On human macrophages IL-10 acts as a more potent anti-inflammatory cytokine than IL-6, although both cytokines signal mainly via activation of the transcription factor STAT3. In this study we compare IL-10 and IL-6 signaling in primary human macrophages derived from blood monocytes. Pretreatment of macrophages with PMA or the proinflammatory mediators LPS(More)
The alpha-glucosidase inhibitor N-butyldeoxynojirimycin (NB-DNJ) is an inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) replication and HIV-induced syncytium formation in vitro. Although NB-DNJ appears to inhibit HIV entry at the level of post-CD4 binding (P.B. Fischer, M. Collin, G.B. Karlsson, W. James, T.D. Butters, S.J. Davis, S. Gordon, R.A. Dwek, and(More)
A broad range of plant lectins have recently been shown to inhibit the infectivity of herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) in vitro. We decided to investigate the role of mammalian lectins in infection with herpes simplex virus. Two lectins, conglutinin and mannan-binding protein (also called mannose-binding protein, MBP), belonging to the collectin family(More)
Gratings of 10 nm wide metal lines 30 nm apart, and quantum transistor gates with 10 nm wide gaps over 300 nm long between two metal rectangles have been repeatedly achieved on thick GaAs substrates using a modified scanning electron microscope operated at 35 keV and liftoff of Ni/Au. Furthermore, multilevel electron beam lithography with a standard(More)