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OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to assess the relationship among extracellular volume (ECV), native T1, and systolic strain in hypertensive patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (HTN LVH), hypertensive patients without LVH (HTN non-LVH), and normotensive controls. BACKGROUND Diffuse myocardial fibrosis in HTN LVH patients, as reflected by(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this paper was to compare quantitative cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) first-pass contrast-enhanced perfusion imaging to qualitative interpretation for determining the presence and severity of coronary artery disease (CAD). BACKGROUND Adenosine CMR can detect CAD by measuring perfusion reserve (PR) or by qualitative(More)
Loss of beta-cell function in type 1 and type 2 diabetes leads to metabolic dysregulation and inability to maintain normoglycemia. Noninvasive imaging of beta-cell function in vivo would therefore provide a valuable diagnostic and research tool for quantifying progression to diabetes and response to therapeutic intervention. Because manganese (Mn(2+)) is a(More)
PURPOSE Gene-modified mice may be used to elucidate molecular mechanisms underlying abnormal myocardial blow flow (MBF). We sought to develop a quantitative myocardial perfusion imaging technique for mice and to test the hypothesis that myocardial perfusion reserve (MPR) is reduced in a mouse model of diet-induced obesity (DIO). METHODS A dual-contrast(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose was to determine the reproducibility and utility of rest, exercise, and perfusion reserve (PR) measures by contrast-enhanced (CE) calf perfusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the calf in normal subjects (NL) and patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD). METHODS Eleven PAD patients with claudication (ankle-brachial index(More)
Pancreatic β-cell imaging would be useful in monitoring the progression of and therapies for diabetes. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate quantitative β-cell MRI using manganese (Mn(2+)) labeling of β cells, T1 mapping, and a two-site water exchange model. Normal, pharmacologically-treated, and severely diabetic mice underwent injection(More)
Currently, there is no ideal noninvasive method to quantify the progressive loss of pancreatic β-cell mass (BCM) that occurs in type 1 diabetes. Magnetic resonance imaging has detected gross differences in BCM between healthy and diabetic mice using the contrast agent manganese, which labels functional β-cells and increases the water proton relaxation rate(More)
PURPOSE To develop and validate a technique for near-automated definition of myocardial regions of interest suitable for perfusion evaluation during vasodilator stress cardiac magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MATERIALS AND METHODS The institutional review board approved the study protocol, and all patients provided informed consent. Image noise density(More)
We have recently developed an automated technique using noise-based level-set methods and non-rigid registration for endocardial and epicardial border detection as a basis for perfusion quantification from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) images. The goal of the present work was to validate this technique against conventional manual analysis both directly(More)