Patrick Deschavanne

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The contribution of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) to the evolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- the main causal agent of tuberculosis in humans -- and closely related members of the M. tuberculosis complex remains poorly understood. Using a combination of genome-wide parametric analyses, we have identified 48 M. tuberculosis chromosomal regions with(More)
Horizontal DNA transfer is an important factor of evolution and participates in biological diversity. Unfortunately, the location and length of horizontal transfers (HTs) are known for very few species. The usage of short oligonucleotides in a sequence (the so-called genomic signature) has been shown to be species-specific even in DNA fragments as short as(More)
BACKGROUND Molecular phylogenetic methods are based on alignments of nucleic or peptidic sequences. The tremendous increase in molecular data permits phylogenetic analyses of very long sequences and of many species, but also requires methods to help manage large datasets. RESULTS Here we explore the phylogenetic signal present in molecular data by genomic(More)
BACKGROUND Bacteriophage classification is mainly based on morphological traits and genome characteristics combined with host information and in some cases on phage growth lifestyle. A lack of molecular tools can impede more precise studies on phylogenetic relationships or even a taxonomic classification. The use of methods to analyze genome sequences(More)
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) has appeared to be of importance for prokaryotic species evolution. As a consequence numerous parametric methods, using only the information embedded in the genomes, have been designed to detect HGTs. Numerous reports of incongruencies in results of the different methods applied to the same genomes were published. The use of(More)
The genome of Dehalococcoides ethenogenes strain 195, an anaerobic dehalorespiring bacterium, contains 18 copies of putative reductive dehalogenase genes, including the well-characterized tceA gene, whose gene product functions as the key enzyme in the environmentally important dehalorespiration process. The genome of D. ethenogenes was analyzed using a(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous cases of horizontal transfers (HTs) have been described for eukaryote genomes, but in contrast to prokaryote genomes, no whole genome evaluation of HTs has been carried out. This is mainly due to a lack of parametric methods specially designed to take the intrinsic heterogeneity of eukaryote genomes into account. We applied a simple and(More)
MOTIVATION This website allows the detection of horizontal transfers based on a combination of parametric methods and proposes an origin by researching neighbors in a bank of genomic signatures. This bank is also used to research an origin to DNA fragments from metagenomics studies. RESULTS Different services are provided like the possibility of inferring(More)
With the recent progress in complete genome sequencing, mining the increasing amount of genomic information available should in theory provide the means to discover new classes of peptides. However, annotation pipelines often do not consider small reading frames likely to be expressed. BactPepDB, available online at(More)
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