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The contribution of horizontal gene transfer (HGT) to the evolution of Mycobacterium tuberculosis -- the main causal agent of tuberculosis in humans -- and closely related members of the M. tuberculosis complex remains poorly understood. Using a combination of genome-wide parametric analyses, we have identified 48 M. tuberculosis chromosomal regions with(More)
The contribution of interspecies horizontal gene transfer (HGT) to the evolution and virulence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the agent of tuberculosis in humans, has been barely investigated. Here we have studied the evolutionary history of the M. tuberculosis Rv0986-8 virulence operon recently identified, through functional genomics approaches, as playing(More)
Fold recognition from sequence can be an important step in protein structure and function prediction. Many methods have tackled this goal. Most of them, based on sequence alignment, fail for sequences of low similarity. Alignment-free approaches can provide an efficient alternative. For such approaches, the identification of efficient fold discriminatory(More)
We report results of a megabase-scale phylogenomic analysis of the Reptilia, the sister group of mammals. Large-scale end-sequence scanning of genomic clones of a turtle, alligator, and lizard reveals diverse, mammal-like landscapes of retroelements and simple sequence repeats (SSRs) not found in the chicken. Several global genomic traits, including(More)
We explored DNA structures of genomes by means of a new tool derived from the "chaotic dynamical systems" theory (the so-called chaos game representation [CGR]), which allows the depiction of frequencies of oligonucleotides in the form of images. Using CGR, we observe that subsequences of a genome exhibit the main characteristics of the whole genome,(More)
The molecular systematics of vertebrates has been based entirely on alignments of primary structures of macromolecules; however, higher order features of DNA sequences not used in traditional studies also contain valuable phylogenetic information. Recent molecular data sets conflict over the phylogenetic placement of flightless birds (ratites -(More)
A statistical analysis of the radiosensitivity of 204 different survival curves of nontransformed human fibroblast cell strains of different genetic origins was made using three criteria: the multi-target one-hit model (characterized by parameters n and D0), the surviving fraction for a 2 Gy dose (S2) and the mean inactivation dose (D). D is found to be the(More)
Six models of radiation action (the linear-quadratic model, the multitarget model with initial slope, the repair-misrepair model, the lethal-potentially lethal model, the cybernetic model, the saturable repair model) were tested for their goodness of fit to survival curves for human cells. Fifty-three survival curves for human cells irradiated in plateau(More)
The survival curves of 694 human cell lines irradiated in exponentially growing phase in vitro were collected from the literature. Among them, 271 were derived from tumors, 423 were nontransformed fibroblasts and other normal cell strains from healthy people or people with some genetic disorders. Seventy-six different cell types are identified, and a(More)
Regional variations of DNA GC content are observed in species as different as S.cerevisiae and humans. In vertebrates and yeast they are correlated with replication timing; late replicating chromosomal regions are more AT-rich than early replicating regions. We show here that gene composition in E.coli also has long range variations which are similarly(More)