Patrick Delafontaine

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NF-kappaB is a major pleiotropic transcription factor modulating immune, inflammatory, cell survival, and proliferative responses, yet the relevance of NF-kappaB signaling in muscle physiology and disease is less well documented. Here we show that muscle-restricted NF-kappaB inhibition in mice, through targeted deletion of the activating kinase inhibitor of(More)
The peptide angiotensin II is the effector molecule of the reninangiotensin system. All the haemodynamic effects of angiotensin II, including vasoconstriction and adrenal aldosterone release, are mediated through a single class of cell-surface receptors known as AT1 (refs 1, 2). These receptors contain the structural features of the G-protein-coupled(More)
Advanced congestive heart failure is associated with activation of the renin-angiotensin system and skeletal muscle wasting. We previously showed that angiotensin II infusion in rats produces cachexia secondarily to increased muscle proteolysis and also decreases levels of circulating and skeletal muscle IGF-1. Here we show that angiotensin II markedly(More)
OBJECTIVE Whereas growth factors, via their ability to stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration, have been thought to play a permissive role in atherosclerosis initiation and progression, the role of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is unknown. Here we report for the first time that IGF-1 infusion decreased(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether intravenously administered multipotent stromal cells from human bone marrow (hMSCs) can improve cardiac function after myocardial infarction (MI) without long-term engraftment and therefore whether transitory paracrine effects or secreted factors are responsible for the benefit conferred. hMSCs were injected(More)
Angiotensin II stimulates sequential phospholipase C-mediated hydrolysis of initially the polyphosphoinositides and subsequently phosphatidylinositol (PI) in cultured rat aortic smooth muscle cells resulting in biphasic, sustained formation of diacylglycerol (DG). The mechanisms underlying this delayed induction of sustained DG accumulation are unknown but(More)
A large body of evidence has conclusively shown that IGF I is an essential regulator of developmental growth. Thus mice bearing a null mutation for the IGF IR gene invariably die shortly after birth, and mice bearing a null mutation for the IGF I gene have a high neonatal mortality rate and marked growth retardation [158,159]. The ubiquitous effects of IGF(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) and insulin-like growth factor I (IGF I) stimulate intracellular signaling events through binding to their respective G-protein-coupled and growth factor receptors. In rat aortic vascular smooth muscle cells, IGF I (20 ng/ml) induced a sustained (>30 min) increase in the tyrosine phosphorylation of both Src-homology 2 domain-docking(More)
The renin-angiotensin system regulates normal cardiovascular homeostasis and is activated in certain forms of hypertension and in heart failure. Angiotensin II has multiple physiological effects and we have shown recently that its growth-promoting effects on vascular smooth muscle require autocrine activation of the IGF I receptor. To study the effect of(More)
Angiotensin II AT1 receptor signal transduction has recently been shown to function through the phospholipase C isozyme, PLC-gamma. Since PLC-gamma is known to interact with phosphotyrosine containing proteins through SH2 domains, we examined the phosphorylation state of the AT1 receptor. Immunoprecipitation of the [32P] labeled AT1 receptor from rat aortic(More)