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Temporally asymetric learning rules governing plastic changes in synaptic efficacy have recently been identified in physiological studies. In these rules, the exact timing of pre- and postsynaptic spikes is critical to the induced change of synaptic efficacy. The temporal learning rules treated in this article are approximately antisymmetric; the synaptic(More)
Association of a presynaptic spike with a postsynaptic spike can lead to changes in synaptic efficacy that are highly dependent on the relative timing of the pre- and postsynaptic spikes. Different synapses show varying forms of such spike-timing dependent learning rules. This review describes these different rules, the cellular mechanisms that may be(More)
The electrosensory lateral line lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish is a cerebellum-like structure that receives primary afferent input from electroreceptors in the skin. Purkinje-like cells in ELL store and retrieve a temporally precise negative image of prior sensory input. The stored image is derived from the association of centrally originating(More)
We investigate the stability of negative image equilibria in mean synaptic weight dynamics governed by spike-timing-dependent plasticity (STDP). The model architecture closely follows the anatomy and physiology of the electrosensory lateral line lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish. The ELL uses a spike-timing-dependent learning rule to form a negative(More)
An important question in sensory neuroscience is what coding strategies and mechanisms are used by the brain to detect and discriminate among behaviorally relevant stimuli. There is evidence that sensory systems migrate from a distributed and redundant encoding strategy at the periphery to a more heterogeneous encoding in cortical structures. It has been(More)
Random walk methods are used to calculate the moments of negative image equilibrium distributions in synaptic weight dynamics governed by spike-timing-dependent plasticity. The neural architecture of the model is based on the electrosensory lateral line lobe of mormyrid electric fish, which forms a negative image of the reafferent signal from the fish's own(More)
This is the first of two papers on the electrosensory lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish. The ELL is the first stage in the central processing of electrosensory information from electroreceptors. Cells of the mormyrid ELL are affected at the time of the electric organ discharge (EOD) by two different inputs, EOD-evoked reafferent input from(More)
This is the second in a series of two papers on the mormyromast regions of the electrosensory lobe (ELL) of mormyrid electric fish. In this study, we examined the effects of artificial stimulation of two of the three major central inputs to ELL on different morphologically identified cell types of ELL. The three major central inputs to ELL are the eminentia(More)
A perturbative method is developed for calculating the effects of recurrent synaptic interactions between neurons embedded in a network. A series expansion is constructed that converges for networks with noisy membrane potential and weak synaptic connectivity. The terms of the series can be interpreted as loops of interactions between neurons, so the(More)
Neurons in the inferior colliculus (IC) of the mustached bat integrate input from multiple frequency bands in a complex fashion. These neurons are important for encoding the bat's echolocation and social vocalizations. The purpose of this study was to quantify the contribution of complex frequency interactions on the responses of IC neurons to social(More)