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BACKGROUND This study attempts to validate the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) Organ Injury Scale (OIS) for spleen, liver, and kidney injuries using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). STUDY DESIGN All NTDB entries with Abbreviated Injury Scale codes for spleen, liver, and kidney were classified by OIS grade. Injuries were(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent randomized prospective data suggest that early hyperglycemia is associated with excess mortality in critically ill patients, and tight glucose control leads to improved outcome. This concept has not been carefully examined in trauma patients, and the relationship of early hyperglycemia to mortality from sepsis in this population is(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in youth <20 years of age in 2001 in the United States, according to age, gender, race/ethnicity, and diabetes type. METHODS The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study is a 6-center observational study conducting population-based ascertainment of physician-diagnosed diabetes in youth.(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Although many injuries and conditions are believed to be associated with ARDS independent risk factors in trauma patients and their relative importance in development of the syndrome are undefined. The aim of this project is to identify(More)
BACKGROUND The Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS), used to garner predictions of survival from the Injury Severity Score (ISS), the Revised Trauma Score (RTS, for physiologic reserve), and age is difficult for many trauma facilities to compute because it requires 8 to 10 variables and ISS depends on the specialized Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) scale(More)
BACKGROUND This study examines if bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting provides improved outcomes compared with single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting, in the modern era, in which diabetes mellitus and obesity are more prevalent. METHODS The Society of Thoracic Surgeons database at a single large academic center was reviewed for all(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to investigate the association between new-onset atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (post-operative atrial fibrillation [POAF]) and long-term mortality in patients with no history of atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND POAF predicts longer hospital stay and greater post-operative mortality. METHODS A total of(More)
BACKGROUND The Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) has served as an assessment tool in head trauma and as a measure of physiologic derangement in outcome models (e.g., TRISS and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation), but it has not been rigorously examined as a predictor of outcome. METHODS Using a large trauma data set (National Trauma Data Bank, N =(More)
Severe injury and shock are frequently associated with abnormalities in patient body temperature. Substantial increases in mortality have been associated with profound hypothermia, especially below 35 degrees C. The purpose of this study was to further characterize the impact of hypothermia in a large dataset of trauma patients. This study was a(More)
INTRODUCTION Helmet laws remain controversial. Opponents believe negative findings are a result of biased statistical analyses that fail to account for the impact of alcohol and drugs. In this study, we evaluated the effect that helmet use had upon injury severity, outcome controlling for alcohol or drug use, resource utilization, and financial burden using(More)