Patrick D. Kilgo

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BACKGROUND This study examines if bilateral internal thoracic artery (BITA) grafting provides improved outcomes compared with single internal thoracic artery (SITA) grafting, in the modern era, in which diabetes mellitus and obesity are more prevalent. METHODS The Society of Thoracic Surgeons database at a single large academic center was reviewed for all(More)
BACKGROUND This study attempts to validate the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) Organ Injury Scale (OIS) for spleen, liver, and kidney injuries using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). STUDY DESIGN All NTDB entries with Abbreviated Injury Scale codes for spleen, liver, and kidney were classified by OIS grade. Injuries were(More)
INTRODUCTION Recent randomized prospective data suggest that early hyperglycemia is associated with excess mortality in critically ill patients, and tight glucose control leads to improved outcome. This concept has not been carefully examined in trauma patients, and the relationship of early hyperglycemia to mortality from sepsis in this population is(More)
OBJECTIVE Our goal was to estimate the prevalence of diabetes mellitus in youth <20 years of age in 2001 in the United States, according to age, gender, race/ethnicity, and diabetes type. METHODS The SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study is a 6-center observational study conducting population-based ascertainment of physician-diagnosed diabetes in youth.(More)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Although many injuries and conditions are believed to be associated with ARDS independent risk factors in trauma patients and their relative importance in development of the syndrome are undefined. The aim of this project is to identify(More)
OBJECTIVE Diabetes mellitus has been associated with an increased risk of adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting. Hemoglobin A1c is a reliable measure of long-term glucose control. It is unknown whether adequacy of diabetic control, measured by hemoglobin A1c, is a predictor of adverse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting. (More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to investigate the association between new-onset atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (post-operative atrial fibrillation [POAF]) and long-term mortality in patients with no history of atrial fibrillation. BACKGROUND POAF predicts longer hospital stay and greater post-operative mortality. METHODS A total of(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare the abilities of nine Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS)- and (ICD-9)-based scoring algorithms in predicting mortality. METHODS The scores collected on 76,871 incidents consist of four AIS-based algorithms (Injury Severity Score [ISS], New Injury Severity Score, Anatomic Profile Score [APS], and maximum AIS(More)
BACKGROUND The predictive role of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) on long-term outcomes after coronary artery bypass surgery has not been evaluated. METHODS Preoperative HbA1c levels were obtained in 3,201 patients undergoing primary, elective coronary artery bypass surgery at Emory Healthcare Hospitals from January 2002 to December 2006 and entered prospectively(More)
BACKGROUND The impact of the degrees of renal dysfunction (RD) after aortic valve replacement (AVR) has not been well described. The purpose of this study was to compare patients undergoing AVR with a range of renal function from normal to dialysis-dependence. METHODS A retrospective review of 2,408 patients undergoing AVR with or without coronary artery(More)