Patrick D. Kelly

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To determine the value of prenatal cultures in defining maternal colonization status at delivery, 5,586 pregnant women were screened at prenatal visits for vaginal and rectal carriage of group B streptococci (GBS). GBS were isolated from 1,272 (22.8%). At delivery, semiquantitative cultures were obtained from 393 prenatal carriers, of whom 264 (67.2%)(More)
BACKGROUND Prototyping of cerebral vasculature models through stereolithographic methods have the ability to accurately depict the 3D structures of complicated aneurysms with high accuracy. We describe the method to manufacture such a model and review some of its uses in the context of treatment planning, research, and surgical training. METHODS We(More)
The effect of intrapartum ampicillin treatment on vertical transmission of group B streptococci (GBS) was examined in 575 prenatally colonized parturient women and their 580 newborn infants. Eighty women (43 receiving ampicillin) with premature labor and/or prolonged rupture of amniotic membranes were randomized. The other 495 were stratified into groups of(More)
We examined the role of serum, complement and the reticuloendothelial system in mouse resistance to type III group B streptococci (GBS). Normal serum obtained from 21 day-old mice failed to protect chick embryos against a lethal intravenous (IV) inoculation of GBS-III-SS620/50. Mice that were decomplemented using cobra venom factor remained resistant to(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Pelvic fixation improves fusion and stability for thoracolumbar constructs that extend across the L5-S1 junction. No patient-reported outcomes have been published to evaluate patients' functional outcomes following these procedures compared with pelvis-sparing procedures. PURPOSE The goal of this study is to identify the effect of(More)
STUDY DESIGN Mixed retrospective-prospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE To characterize practice patterns for the use of Cell Saver at our institution, investigate its cost-effectiveness, and propose a new tool for patient selection. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Blood loss is an exceedingly common complication of spine surgery, and Cell Saver intraoperative(More)
Injuries to branches of the trigeminal nerves are a known complication during dental implant placement. These injuries tend to be more severe than those experienced during other dentoalveolar procedures. This article reviews the types of nerve injuries and areas and situations of which clinicians should be cognizant when placing dental implants. Strategies(More)