Learn More
Orexins are hypothalamic peptides that play an important role in maintaining wakefulness in mammals. Permanent deficit in orexinergic function is a pathophysiological hallmark of rodent, canine and human narcolepsy. Here we report that in rats, dogs and humans, somnolence is induced by pharmacological blockade of both orexin OX(1) and OX(2) receptors. When(More)
Urotensin-II (U-II) is a cyclic peptide now described as the most potent vasoconstrictor known. U-II binds to a specific G protein-coupled receptor, formerly the orphan receptor GPR14, now renamed urotensin receptor (UT receptor), and present in mammalian species. Palosuran (ACT-058362;(More)
Urotensin-II (U-II) is a cyclic peptide that acts through a specific G-protein-coupled receptor, UT receptor. Urotensin-II and UT receptors have been described in pancreas and kidney, but their function is not well understood. We studied the effects of chronic treatment of diabetic rats with the orally active selective U-II receptor antagonist palosuran.(More)
Macitentan, also called Actelion-1 or ACT-064992 [N-[5-(4-bromophenyl)-6-(2-(5-bromopyrimidin-2-yloxy)ethoxy)-pyrimidin-4-yl]-N'-propylaminosulfonamide], is a new dual ET(A)/ET(B) endothelin (ET) receptor antagonist designed for tissue targeting. Selection of macitentan was based on inhibitory potency on both ET receptors and optimization of physicochemical(More)
Selexipag [2-{4-[(5,6-diphenylpyrazin-2-yl)(isopropyl)amino]butoxy}-N-(methylsulfonyl)acetamide] is an orally available prostacyclin (PGI(2)) receptor (IP receptor) agonist that is chemically distinct from PGI(2) and is in clinical development for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension. Selexipag is highly selective for the human IP receptor in(More)
Treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension with the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan has been associated with transient increases in liver transaminases. Mechanistically, bosentan inhibits the bile salt export pump (BSEP) leading to an intrahepatic accumulation of cytotoxic bile salts, which eventually results in hepatocellular damage. BSEP(More)
Since its discovery in 1988 by Yanagisawa et al., endothelin (ET), a potent vasoconstrictor, has been widely implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and renal diseases. Many research groups have embarked on the discovery and development of ET receptor antagonists for the treatment of such diseases. While several compounds,(More)
Objectives: Recent studies have shown that beside elevated arterial blood pressure, humoral factors such as angiotensin II, aldosterone. endothelin or bradykinin might play a role in the cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis secondary to hypertension. In addition, it seems that perivascular fibrosis and interstitial fibrosis are controlled by independent(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated the effects of short-term tezosentan treatment on cardiac function, pulmonary edema and long-term evolution of heart failure (HF) in a rat model of myocardial infarction (MI). BACKGROUND Endothelin (ET) may play a major role in the progression from MI to HF. Tezosentan is a new dual ET(A)/ET(B) receptor antagonist. METHODS(More)