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An Arabidopsis thaliana line that is mutant for the R2R3 MYB gene, AtMYB4, shows enhanced levels of sinapate esters in its leaves. The mutant line is more tolerant of UV-B irradiation than wild type. The increase in sinapate ester accumulation in the mutant is associated with an enhanced expression of the gene encoding cinnamate 4-hydroxylase, which appears… (More)
1. Kinetics of influx (mediated through peptide-proton cotransport) of two labelled dipeptides has been studied in apical membrane vesicles isolated from rat renal cortex. The substrates (neutral D-Phe-L-Ala and anionic D-Phe-L-Glu) have previously been shown to be transported through a single system but with different stoichiometry of proton coupling. 2.… (More)
1. 4-Aminomethylbenzoic acid, a molecule which mimics the special configuration of a dipeptide, competitively inhibits peptide influx in both Xenopus Laevis oocytes expressing rabbit PepT1 and through PepT1 in rat renal brush border membrane vesicles. 2. This molecule is not translocated through PepT1 as measured both by direct HPLC analysis in PepT1-exp… (More)
In addition to being responsible for the majority of absorption of dietary nitrogen, the mammalian proton-coupled di- and tri-peptide transporter PepT1 is also recognised as a major route of drug delivery for several important classes of compound, including beta-lactam antibiotics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Thus there is considerable… (More)
4-Aminophenylacetic acid (4-APAA), a peptide mimic lacking a peptide bond, has been shown to interact with a proton-coupled oligopeptide transporter using a number of different experimental approaches. In addition to inhibiting transport of labeled peptides, these studies show that 4-APAA is itself translocated. 4-APAA transport across the rat intact… (More)
The mammalian proton-coupled peptide transporter PepT1 is widely accepted as the major route of uptake for dietary nitrogen, as well as being responsible for the oral absorption of a number of classes of drugs, including beta-lactam antibiotics and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. Using site-directed mutagenesis and zero-trans transport… (More)
1. Isolated jejunal loops of rat small intestine were perfused by a single pass of bicarbonate Krebs-Ringer solution containing either D- or L-phenylalanine or one of eight dipeptides formed from D- or L-alanine plus D- or L-phenylalanine. 2. At 0.5 mM L-phenylalanyl-L-alanine increased serosal phenylalanine appearance to forty times the control rate giving… (More)
A quantitative method has been developed for determining the affinity of substrates for the peptide transporter PepT1, allowing oral availability of drugs via PepT1 to be estimated.
The mammalian proton-coupled peptide transporter PepT1 is the major route of uptake for dietary nitrogen, as well as the oral absorption of a number of drugs, including beta-lactam antibiotics and angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors. Here we have used site-directed mutagenesis to investigate further the role of conserved charged residues in… (More)
The conformation at the first residue of dipeptide substrates for the peptide transporter PepT1 has been probed using constrained peptide analogues, and the active conformation has been identified.