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BACKGROUND The preoperative period (prehabilitation) may represent a more appropriate time than the postoperative period to implement an intervention. The impact of prehabilitation on recovery of function al exercise capacity was thus studied in patients undergoing colorectal resection for cancer. METHODS A parallel-arm single-blind superiority randomized(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Laparoscopy, thoracic epidural analgesia, and enhanced recovery program (ERP) have been shown to be the major elements to facilitate the postoperative recovery strategy in open colorectal surgery. This study compared the effect of intraoperative and postoperative intravenous (IV) lidocaine infusion with thoracic epidural analgesia(More)
BACKGROUND 'Prehabilitation' is an intervention to enhance functional capacity in anticipation of a forthcoming physiological stressor. In patients scheduled for colorectal surgery, the extent to which a structured prehabilitation regimen of stationary cycling and strengthening optimized recovery of functional walking capacity after surgery was compared(More)
BACKGROUND Abdominal surgery represents a physiologic stress and is associated with a period of recovery during which functional capacity is often diminished. "Prehabilitation" is a program to increase functional capacity in anticipation of an upcoming stressor. We reported recently the results of a randomized trial comparing 2 prehabilitation programs(More)
BACKGROUND Patients undergoing colorectal cancer resections are at risk for delayed recovery. Prehabilitation aims to enhance functional capacity preoperatively for better toleration of surgery and to facilitate recovery. The authors previously demonstrated the limited impact of a prehabilitation program using exercise alone. They propose an expanded(More)
BACKGROUND This study was undertaken to determine the impact of an intrathecal mixture of bupivacaine and morphine, when compared with systemic morphine, on the quality of postoperative analgesia and other outcomes in the context of the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) programme for laparoscopic colonic resection. METHODS Fifty patients undergoing(More)
We measured the distance 112 patients walked in 6 min, as well as their peak oxygen consumption pedalling a bicycle, week before scheduled resection of benign or malignant colorectal disease. The distance walked correlated with peak oxygen consumption, the former 'accounting' for about half the variation in the latter, r² 0.52 (95% CI 0.38-0.64), p <(More)
INTRODUCTION Both enhanced recovery programs (ERP) and laparoscopy can reduce complications and length of stay (LOS) in colon surgery. We investigated whether ERP further improved the short-term outcomes of scheduled laparoscopic colectomies. METHODS We performed an audit of all patients undergoing scheduled laparoscopic colon resection between January(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of incisional hernia has not decreased despite the use of laparoscopy for colon resections. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the incision used for specimen extraction on the incidence of incisional hernia after laparoscopic colectomy. METHODS Patients who underwent laparoscopic colectomy without stoma at a(More)
AIM A prospective phase II study to investigate the feasibility and the rate of complete pathological response (ypT0) after short-course radiotherapy (SCRT) followed by surgery at 8 weeks. METHOD Operable patients with localized rectal cancer staged T3-4N0/+ or T2N+ were eligible and received 25 Gy (in one-third of patients, the gross tumor volume(More)