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The range of value-added chemicals produced by Escherichia coli from simple sugars has been expanded to include xylitol. This was accomplished by screening the in vivo activity of a number of heterologous xylitol-producing enzymes. Xylose reductases from Candida boidinii (CbXR), Candida tenuis (CtXR), Pichia stipitis (PsXR), and Saccharmoyces cerivisiae(More)
The ability to engineer proteins by directed evolution requires functional expression of the target polypeptide in a recombinant host suitable for construction and screening libraries of enzyme variants. Bacteria and yeast are preferred, but eukaryotic proteins often fail to express in active form in these cells. We have attempted to resolve this problem by(More)
The AraC regulatory protein of the Escherichia coli ara operon has been engineered to activate transcription in response to D-arabinose and not in response to its native effector L-arabinose. Two different AraC mutant libraries, each with four randomized binding pocket residues, were subjected to FACS-mediated dual screening using a GFP reporter. Both(More)
P450-dependent biotransformations in Escherichia coli are attractive for the selective oxidation of organic molecules using mild and sustainable procedures. The overall efficiency of these processes, however, relies on how effectively the NAD(P)H cofactors derived from oxidation of the carbon source are utilized inside the cell to support the heterologous(More)
Escherichia coli engineered to uptake xylose while metabolizing glucose was previously shown to produce high levels of xylitol from a mixture of glucose and xylose when expressing NADPH-dependent xylose reductase from Candida boidinii (CbXR) (Cirino et al., Biotechnol Bioeng. 2006;95:1167-1176). We then described the effects of deletions of key metabolic(More)
Escherichia coli W3110 was previously engineered to co-utilize glucose and xylose by replacing the wild-type crp gene with a crp* mutant encoding a cAMP-independent CRP variant (Cirino et al., 2006 [Cirino, P.C., Chin, J.W., Ingram, L.O., 2006. Engineering Escherichia coli for xylitol production from glucose-xylose mixtures. Biotechnol. Bioeng. 95,(More)
Sugar alcohols find applications in pharmaceuticals, oral and personal care products, and as intermediates in chemical synthesis. While industrial-scale production of these compounds has generally involved catalytic hydrogenation of sugars, microbial-based processes receive increasing attention. The past few years have seen a variety of interesting(More)
The AraC regulatory protein was previously engineered to control gene expression specifically in response to D-arabinose and not the native effector L-arabinose (Tang et al., J Am Chem Soc 2008;130:5267-5271). Mutations were targeted in the ligand-binding pocket and on the AraC N-terminal arm, which plays an important role in maintaining repressing or(More)
BACKGROUND Escherichia coli exhibits diauxic growth in sugar mixtures due to CRP-mediated catabolite repression and inducer exclusion related to phosphotransferase system enzyme activity. Replacement of the native crp gene with a catabolite repression mutant (referred to as crp*) enables co-utilization of glucose and other sugars in E. coli. While previous(More)