Patrick Callaghan

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Forty-six Chinese patients with symptomatic human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) participated in a comparative study assessing the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral group therapy (CBT) and peer support/counseling group therapy (PSC) in relation to improving mood and quality of life and decreasing uncertainty in illness as compared to a group receiving(More)
  • P Callaghan
  • Journal of psychiatric and mental health nursing
  • 2004
This paper reports the results of a literature review examining the effects of exercise on mental health and well-being. Throughout history many societies, ancient and modern, have used exercise as a means of preventing disease, and promoting health and well-being. There is evidence that exercise is beneficial for mental health; it reduces anxiety,(More)
This paper addresses the importance of social support to health, drawing upon relevant literature from medical, psychological and social research. Conceptual and methodological problems are addressed and two major theories ('buffer' and 'attachment') are evaluated for their relevance in explaining the nature, purpose and function of social support. Finally,(More)
Few empirical studies have investigated the issues linked to Hong Kong nurses work-related health. The present study investigated factors related to stress and coping among Chinese nurses in Hong Kong. The researchers employed a cross-sectional survey and made within-group comparisons of nurses' stress and coping. Using stratified random sampling the(More)
Very little research evidence is available regarding current safety and security procedures on acute psychiatric wards. This includes controversial areas such as the temporary removal of personal property, the searching of patients and visitors, the use of alarms and modern technology, and locking of entrances to regulate those entering and leaving. This is(More)
BACKGROUND Psychiatric professionals tend to have poor attitudes towards people who suffer from personality disorder. Previous studies suggest that such attitudes are influenced by sufferer behaviours, organizational factors and the characteristics of individual professionals, but do similar considerations apply outside health services? AIM To identify(More)
BACKGROUND It is well established that staff attitudes to personality disordered patients are commonly negative, characterised by pessimism and rejection. A recent study in forensic psychiatric hospitals has described the psychological and social factors underlying positive attitudes, and suggested that staff with more positive attitudes perform better and(More)
Assertive outreach services have been central to community mental health policy within the UK. These multidisciplinary teams were established to engage with service users who have severe and enduring mental health problems and have found traditional community services unable to meet their needs. Mental health nurses have a pivotal role in these(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of a cognitive intervention (distraction and reappraisal) with information given pre-operatively on post-operative outcomes of Chinese women having an abdominal hysterectomy. Using a controlled trial, 48 Chinese women having elective hysterectomy received the cognitive intervention with information(More)
BACKGROUND Involving service users in planning their care is at the centre of policy initiatives to improve mental health care quality in England. Whilst users value care planning and want to be more involved in their own care, there is substantial empirical evidence that the majority of users are not fully involved in the care planning process. Our aim is(More)