Learn More
AIM To compare the effects of four stocking densities (5, 10, 15 or 20 birds per m2) on the performance, carcass characteristics and selected welfare indicators of broiler chickens. METHODS A total of 756 day-old male broiler chicks were assigned as six replicates of 13, 25, 38 and 50 birds per pen, to stocking densities of 2,000, 1,000, 667 and 500 cm2(More)
Fetal growth is normally constrained by maternal factors. This constraint is demonstrated by the usual inverse linear relationship between litter size and mean fetal weight. Cross-breeding experiments between mice of lines selected for high or low plasma insulin-like growth factor (IGF-I) levels suggested that elevations in maternal IGF-I abolish (P less(More)
The influence of an Escherichia coli-derived phytase, on nutrient utilization was investigated in broilers fed starter diets containing different concentrations of phytate. The study was conducted as a 3 x 4 factorial arrangement of treatments with 3 concentrations of phytic acid (10.4, 11.8, and 13.6 g/kg; equivalent to 2.8, 3.3, and 3.8 g of phytate P/kg)(More)
A range of composition characteristics of the longissimus (LL) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles were compared between pigs raised in intensive and extensive production systems in New Zealand (NZ), and pigs raised in an intensive system in Indonesia for supply to the Singapore market (n=8/group). Ultimate pH was slightly higher for the Singaporean LL muscles(More)
Since the tissue characteristics of monogastric species are readily influenced by the composition of the feeds they consume, the objectives of this preliminary study were to assess the performance of finisher pigs on diets containing 0.05% of essential oils or oleoresins of rosemary, garlic, oregano, or ginger, and to determine the effect of these diets on(More)
The genetic upper limit to daily whole-body protein deposition (Pdmax) is an important constraint on pig growth. The Pdmax was determined for a specified pig genotype using N balance and serial slaughter techniques. A traditional N-balance study, involving 36 and 90 kg of BW Large White x (Landrace x Large White) entire male pigs, was first conducted to(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of dietary manipulations on the fatty acid composition, Se content, and vitamin E content of pork. Sixty Duroc-cross gilts were randomly allocated at weaning to 1 of 4 dietary treatment groups (n = 15 per group). The 4 experimental diets were based on animal plus plant components or plant components(More)
The effects of increased physical activity during pregnancy on the health of the offspring in later life are unknown. Research in this field requires an animal model of exercise during pregnancy that is sufficiently strenuous to cause an effect but does not elicit a stress response. Previously, we demonstrated that two models of voluntary exercise in the(More)
The study aimed to assess the effect of a commercially available microbial phytase added to a corn-soybean meal diet on phytate P and total P in terminal ileal digesta as well as on true ileal amino acid digestibility. Three low-P diets containing 0, 500, or 750 U/kg of microbial phytase were fed to 21-d-old broiler chickens. Titanium dioxide was used as an(More)
The aim of the present study was to establish whether feeding broiler chickens with diets containing increasing dietary peptide concentrations would cause increases in ileal endogenous amino acid flow. The flow of N and most amino acids increased quadratically (P < 0.05 to 0.001) with increasing dietary concentrations of peptides. The exceptions were the(More)